Characterizing Landscape-Level Natural Resource Management (NRM) in the Southern Oromia Drylands of Ethiopia
On one way or the other, human being drives his need from ecosystem good and services. The quality and quantities of this ecosystem good and services are determined by their effective management. Effective rangeland management on the other hand is the result of good governance. The study was envisioned to identify the current natural resource management system in place and stakeholders involvement in decisions making as well as past community practices on the same in Gomole rangeland unit by employing both participatory methods (FGDs, KIIs) and Quota sampling survey. The study result showed that pasture, water and forest remain key natural resources whereas Borana, Guji and Gabra were the main resource users in Gomole rangeland. On the other hand, absence of government recognition of Gomole, lack of resource user involvement in decision-making and presence of different clan were the top three challenges particular to the studied rangeland. Landscape-level natural resource management and past decisions across customary institution were replaced by modern administrative structure that sidelined elders and local level decision is made by rangeland council- exclusively made up of local cabinet that aggravated rangeland fragmentation. Moreover, local peoples’ perceptions on efficiency of rangeland management, accountability in decision-making and their performance were assessed and found to be very low. This study suggests the Dheeda-level landscape management for a variety of reasons. The Dheeda-level classification of rangelands units founded on specific natural features that determine use patterns along with strategies. opportunities for collaboration between different, smaller land units as well as associated customary pastoral social structures with a role in the management of pastoral natural resources. This approach also facilitates options for sustainable management. Moreover, NRM at this level allows for all inclusive approaches in which all actors will be properly consulted and actively involved thereby building stronger partnership among the multiple land users across the Gomole landscapes and enhance pastoral strategies within and across rangeland units.
- ILRI