Dairy processing in the Nile delta, Egypt with a Special Focus on Intilaq Settlement in the Noubariya Region
Cheese and dairy products are important for human nutrition. Women farmers in the delta valley do not have a tradition of processing milk into dairy products, and cheese in the Nile delta region is consumed as an appetizer. Only Dumiati and another local white cheese called Baladi are processed using mainly buffalo milk, and the processed amount is limited because of farmer knowledge and experience. Goat milk is not used generally in processing; goat milk is used instead to feed calves. Processed product are sent to the market once a week depending on the village regional market, the shelf life of Dumiati cheese is longer because it is very salty makes it more conducive to marketing. Women do most of the processing, milking, and are also responsible for marketing of the produce (cheese and ghee). The cheese value chain is a key route for improving the lives of women, for example through reducing their drudgery in milk processing (such as milk separators and rancidity prevention measures) and increasing income earning opportunities which they have control over. Introduction of new ways of milk processing and diversifying the use of available milk of different ruminants will increase the income of small scale women farmers and also support the family with a good resource of animal proteins. The report takes the Intilaq settlement in the Noubariya region as a case study and entry point to identify improved dairy processing options for Egypt. The study aims at designing a training module for the extension system in Egypt to use with dairy women farmers.