Socio-economic characterisation of the Gumara-Maksegnit watershed
Ethiopia is a country that has great agricultural potential owing to its vast areas of fertile land, diverse climate, generally abundant rainfall and large labour force. Despite this great potential, Ethiopian agriculture has remained underdeveloped and poverty prevails, especially in rural areas. The rainfed agricultural system, which is one of the most dominant agroecosystems in Ethiopia, is functioning way below its potential. Besides, Soil erosion-induced land degradation poses a serious threat to food security in the highlands of Ethiopia at large and in the Amhara region in particular. Ethiopia is a country that has great agricultural potential owing to its vast areas of fertile land, diverse climate, generally abundant rainfall and large labour force. With the problems of the rainfed agro-ecosystems stated above in mind, ICARDA has developed a project entitled Unlocking the potential of rainfed agriculture in Ethiopia for improved rural livelihoods to be implemented in the Amhara region in partnership with the National Agricultural Research System (NARS). The underlying aim of the project is to improve the livelihoods of the rural communities in the rainfed agro-ecosystem of the Amhara region. This will be achieved by sustainably improving agricultural productivity and conserving the ecosystem resources through the integration of affordable and appropriate technologies in a favourable socio-economic environment. The research results will be used by rainfed areas extension services to enhance the agricultural productivity of small-scale resource poor farmers and to conserve the fragile ecologies.