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dc.contributorDhehibi, Boubakeren_US
dc.contributorKassam, Shinanen_US
dc.contributorAw-Hassan, Aden A.en_US
dc.creatorAllali, Khalilen_US
dc.date2016-12-15en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-23T14:11:49Z
dc.date.available2017-02-23T14:11:49Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/reporting/download/hash/ZBmB2E4Ben_US
dc.identifier.citationKhalil Allali, Boubaker Dhehibi, Shinan Kassam, Aden A. Aw-Hassan. (15/12/2016). Energy Consumption in Onion and Potato Production within the Province of El Hajeb (Morocco): Towards Energy Use Efficiency in Commercialized Vegetable Production. Journal of Agricultural Science, 9(1), pp. 118-127.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/5944
dc.description.abstractEnergy use efficiency is a key requirement for sustainability in agricultural production, but often overlooked. The aim of this study was to quantify the amount and efficiency of energy consumed in the production of onions and potatoes in El Hajeb province of Morocco. These estimates are of significant importance in informing contemporary policy discourse related to energy subsidy reform in Morocco, and more specifically within an ongoing national strategy for ‘modernizing’ the agricultural sector under the ‘Green Morocco Plan’. Data were collected through the administration of a direct questionnaire with 60 farmers and analyzed using PLANETE. Our results indicate that total energy consumption in onion production is 107483 MJ ha-1 with butane (79.5%) as the main source of direct energy. Chemical fertilizers (61.53%) and water for irrigation (30%) were main sources of indirect energy. Energy indices related to energy efficiency ratios, energy profitability and energy productivity were estimated at 0.78, -0.22 and 0.54 kg MJ-1, respectively. Total energy consumption in potato production was estimated at 74,270 MJ ha-1, with direct energy consumption of 28,521 MJ ha-1 stemming from butane (70%) and diesel (19.14%) as primary sources. Indirect energy consumption was estimated at 45749 MJ ha-1 and generated principally through the use of fertilizers (60%). Energy indices (efficiency, profitability and productivity) were estimated at 1.54, 0.54, and 0.45 kg MJ-1, respectively. GHG emissions were found to be 3.47 t CO2eq ha-1 in the production of onions and 3.63 t CO2eq ha-1 for potatoes. We find that within the study area, increases in the size of production plots are not necessarily consistent with increases in energy use efficiency.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCanadian Center of Science and Education (CCSE)en_US
dc.rightsBen_US
dc.sourceJournal of Agricultural Science;9,(2016) Pagination 118,127en_US
dc.subjectAgricultureen_US
dc.subjectEnergy Analysisen_US
dc.subjectEnergy Consumptionen_US
dc.subjectOnionsen_US
dc.subjectPotatoesen_US
dc.subjectEnergy Indicesen_US
dc.subjectGhg Emissionsen_US
dc.titleEnergy Consumption in Onion and Potato Production within the Province of El Hajeb (Morocco): Towards Energy Use Efficiency in Commercialized Vegetable Productionen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerEcole National d’Agriculture - ENAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderNot Applicableen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteThe International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)en_US
cg.date.embargo-end-date2018-12-31en_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.countryMoroccoen_US
cg.contacten_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.countryMoroccoen_US


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