Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Efficient Use of Scarce Water Resources
Ouled Belgacem, Azaiez
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Smallholder farmers in the Arabian Peninsula region are severely constrained by the region’s extreme aridity, scanty water resources and erratic rainfall. Conditions have become even more challenging as over %95 of the region’s land area now faces some form of desertification from wind and water erosion, and salinization. The increasing population pressure is leading to excessive use of underground water and dangerous dependence on food import, threatening food security in the region.