Guidelines for Setting up Community-based Small Ruminants Breeding Programs in Ethiopia
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These guidelines are designed for all those involved in planning and implementing sheep and goat breeding activities with resource-poor farmers in developing countries. This includes research centers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), farmers’ associations and livestock development projects, and government extension officials. The guidelines address generic directions on designing and implementing community-based breeding. Community-based breeding programs are proposed as an option for genetic improvement of livestock in developing countries (Mueller et al., 2015). This new approach has been tested in a few places with promising results (e.g. with sheep and goat in Ethiopia, dairy goats in Mexico, llamas and alpacas in Bolivia and Peru, sheep in Argentina). They draw on practical experiences from implementing community-based sheep and goat breeding programs in various agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia and provide guidance for continuing and out-scaling the breeding program in Ethiopia and for planning similar programs elsewhere.