The Climatology of Nile Delta, Egypt
A climatologist attempts to discover and explain the impacts of climate so that society can plan its activities, design its buildings and infrastructure, and anticipate the effects of adverse conditions. Although climate is not weather, it is defined by the same terms, such as temperature, precipitation, wind, and solar radiation. The misconception that weather is usually normal becomes a serious problem when you consider that weather, in one form or another, is the source of water for irrigation, drinking, power supply, industry, wildlife habitat, and other uses. To ensure that our water supply, livelihoods, and lives are secure, it is essential that planners anticipate variation in weather, and that they recognize that drought and flood are both inevitable parts of the normal range of weather. Over Egypt and North Africa, the decrease in annual precipitation that is predicted in the 21st century will exacerbate these effects, particularly in semiarid and arid regions that rely on irrigation for crop growth. These effects of climate change are more dramatic for Tunisia country especially for water resources and arable cropland. Climate data used in this report for several meteorological surface stations were provided from the Egyptian Meteorological Authority (EMA). These data have been processed, tested as far as possible, and these stations distributed over Egypt.