Women, Decent Work and Empowerment in Rural Egypt
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Rural Egyptian women play a key role in food security, income generation and agricultural production but their contributions remain invisible and they face difficulties in accumulating assets, accessing work opportunities under decent work conditions and respective training, and have limited bargaining power at the household and community levels. Therefore, it is important that we document rural women’s experiences in agricultural work and their contributions and suggest efficient ways that enable them to overcome these barriers. Very few studies have examined the challenges and opportunities faced by women working in the agricultural sector in rural Egypt. The few studies that exist were conducted in the 1990s. This report analyzes the extent of social, economic and political empowerment for women workers in various types of employment in rural Egypt. It identified the challenges they face and made recommendations for overcoming them. We included as many different types of workers as possible in our study - own account workers (small-scale producers and subsistence farmers), wage workers, contributing family workers, entrepreneurs and members of producer organizations in both the Old and New Lands in order to ensure that our findings were as representative as possible of women’s and men’s experiences of agricultural work and working conditions in rural Egypt.
- ICARDA