Effect of salt stress (sodium chloride) on germination and seedling growth of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) genotypes
The impact of salt stress under different salinity level (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 mMol of NaCl) on ten genotypes of durum wheat namely: Werd Bled, Hmira, Bidi, Arbi, INRAT 69, Agili, Derbassi and Bayatha, Karim and Maali was conducted. Germination rate were recorded daily using radicle extrusion as a criterion. Morphological studies root length, shoot length, fresh weight and dry weight of root and shoot were also measured. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that germination rate of durum wheat genotypes was significantly affected by the salt stress. Results show a reduction of germination rate in response to the highest dose of NaCl for almost all the varieties except for Maali and Derbassi durum wheat cultivar in case150 and 200 mMol concentrations. After 6 days of germination, these lines showed germination percentage respectively of 70 and 60% against a rate of 0% for Bidi AP4 and Bayatha. For morphological traits, the effect of varieties was highly significant (P<0.01) on almost traits measured expect shoot dry weight, root fresh weight and root dry weight. Results show that all studied traits were significantly (P<0.001) reduced due to salt stress. The data showed that different level of salinity significantly affected the growth attributes by reducing root and shoot length for salinity below 50 mMol NaCl. Fresh weight and dry weight of root and shoot were reduced significantly with subsequent treatment.