Variability in Prebiotic Carbohydrates in Different Market Classes of Chickpea, Common Bean, and Lentil Collected From the American Local Market
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Niroshan Siva, Pushparajah Thavarajah, Shiv Kumar Agrawal, Dil Thavarajah. (3/4/2019). Variability in Prebiotic Carbohydrates in Different Market Classes of Chickpea, Common Bean, and Lentil Collected From the American Local Market. Frontiers in Nutrition, 6: 38.
Pulse crops such as lentil, common bean, and chickpea are rich in protein, low digestible carbohydrates, and range of micronutrients. The detailed information of low digestible carbohydrates also known as “prebiotic carbohydrate” proﬁles of commonly consumed pulse market classes and their impact on human health are yet to be studied. The objective of this study was to determine the proﬁles of prebiotic carbohydrates in two commonly consumed lentil market classes, seven common bean market classes, and two chickpea market classes. After removing fat and protein, total carbohydrates averaged 51/100g for lentil, 53/100g for common bean, and 54/100g for chickpea. Among the portion of total carbohydrates, lentil showed 12/100g of prebiotic carbohydrates (sugar alcohols, rafﬁnose family oligosaccharides, fructooligosaccharides, hemicellulose, cellulose, and resistant starch), 15/100g in common bean, and 12/100g in chickpea. Prebiotic carbohydrate concentrations within the market classes for each crop were signiﬁcantly different (P < 0.05). In conclusion, these three pulses are rich in prebiotic carbohydrates, and considering the variation in these concentrations in the present materials, it is possible to breed appropriate market classes of pulses with high levels of prebiotic carbohydrates.
Agrawal, Shiv Kumarhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8407-3562