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dc.contributorGizaw, Solomonen_US
dc.contributorGetachew, Tesfayeen_US
dc.contributorMueller, Joaquin Pabloen_US
dc.contributorAmer, Peteren_US
dc.contributorRekik, Mouraden_US
dc.contributorRischkowsky, Barbaraen_US
dc.creatorHaile, Aynalemen_US
dc.identifier.citationAynalem Haile, Solomon Gizaw, Tesfaye Getachew, Joaquin Pablo Mueller, Peter Amer, Mourad Rekik, Barbara Rischkowsky. (30/4/2019). Community‐based breeding programmes are a viable solution for Ethiopian small ruminant genetic improvement but require public and private investment. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 136 (5), pp. 319-328.en_US
dc.description.abstractEthiopia has a large and diverse population of small ruminants, which contribute substantially to the livelihood and income of the rural poor and the country at large. However, the sector faces a number of challenges. Productivity per animal and flock offtake are both very low. Reasons attributed for the apparent low productivity are as follows: absence of appropriate breeding programmes, lack of technical capacity, inadequate and poor‐quality feeds, diseases leading to high lamb mortality, and underdeveloped markets in terms of infrastructure and information. Historically, sheep and goats have received little policy or investment attention. Genetic improvement of small ruminants could contribute to bridging the productivity gap. In the past, the government of Ethiopia has placed much emphasis on importing exotic genetics and cross‐breeding with local stock as a strategy for genetic improvement. However, this has not led to a significant productivity improvement and the programmes have generally been unsustainable. Currently, there is a change in approach and a recognition of the need to focus genetic improvement efforts on the local genetic resources that are well adapted to the diverse agro‐ecologies and production environments in the country. Community‐based breeding programmes (CBBPs), which focus on indigenous stock and consider farmers’ needs, views, decisions and active participation, from inception through to implementation, have been identified as programmes of choice. The Ethiopian government and the private sector need to invest in strategic areas around CBBPs to make the programme work for the poor and be sustainable in low‐input systems.en_US
dc.publisherWiley (12 months)en_US
dc.sourceJournal of Animal Breeding and Genetics;136,(2019) Pagination 319,328en_US
dc.subjectbreeding strategiesen_US
dc.subjectproductivity challengesen_US
dc.subjectsheep and goatsen_US
dc.titleCommunity‐based breeding programmes are a viable solution for Ethiopian small ruminant genetic improvement but require public and private investmenten_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idHaile, Aynalem: 0000-0001-5914-0487en_US
cg.creator.idGetachew, Tesfaye: 0000-0002-0544-6314en_US
cg.creator.idRekik, Mourad: 0000-0001-7455-2017en_US
cg.creator.idRischkowsky, Barbara: 0000-0002-0035-471Xen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Institute for Agricultural Technology - INTAen_US
cg.contributor.centerAbacusBio Limiteden_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - LAFSen_US
cg.contributor.funderEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - EMBRAPAen_US
cg.contributor.projectOutscaling of Community-based Breeding Programs: Attractive and Innovative Approach to Improving the Lives of Smallholders in Low Input Systemsen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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