Breeding Biofortified Pearl Millet Varieties and Hybrids to Enhance Millet Markets for Human Nutrition
MetadataShow full item record
M. GOVINDARAJ, Kedar Rai, Binu Cherian, Wolfgang Pfeiffer, Kanatti Anand, Harshad Shivade. (15/5/2019). Breeding Biofortified Pearl Millet Varieties and Hybrids to Enhance Millet Markets for Human Nutrition. pp. 1-11.
Pearl millet is an important food crop in the arid and semi-arid tropical regions of Africa and Asia. Iron and zinc deficiencies are widespread and serious public health problems worldwide, including in India and Africa. Biofortification is a cost-effective and sustainable agricultural strategy to address this problem. The aim of this review is to provide the current biofortification breeding status and future directions of the pearl millet for growing nutrition markets. Research on the pearl millet has shown that a large genetic variability (30–140 mg kg−1 Fe and 20–90 mg kg−1 Zn) available in this crop can be effectively utilized to develop high-yielding cultivars with high iron and zinc densities. Open-pollinated varieties (Dhanashakti) and hybrids (ICMH 1202, ICMH 1203 and ICMH 1301) of pearl millet with a high grain yield and high levels of iron (70–75 mg kg−1) and zinc (35–40 mg kg−1) densities have been developed and released first in India. Currently, India is growing > 70,000 ha of biofortified pearl millet, and furthermore more pipeline cultivars are under various stages of testing at the national (India) and international (west Africa) trials for a possible release. Until today, no special markets existed to promote biofortified varieties and hybrids as no incentive price to products existed to address food and nutritional insecurity simultaneously. The market demand is likely to increase only after an investment in crop breeding and the integration into the public distribution system, nutritional intervention schemes, private seed and food companies with strong mainstreaming nutritional policies. The following sections describe various aspects of breeding and market opportunity for addressing micronutrient malnutrition.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Title: Fodder Yield And Quality Of Summer Cereal-Legume And Winter Cereal Vetch Mixtures Cereal-Under Rainfed Conditions Author(s)Ansar, MuhammadDate: 2009-12-10Type: PresentationStatus: Timeless limited accessThis presentation describes the existing fodder crops as: a) Main winter season fodders: Brassica, Wheat, Wheat-brassica b) Main summer season fodders: Maize, Millet, Sorghum and its Constraints: a) Exhaustive crops and ...
Title: Introduce none traditional pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum] and sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] crops into existing crop rotation system in northern Tajikistan Author(s)ICARDA, Communication TeamDate: 2009-12-10Type: PresentationStatus: Timeless limited accessStudy of pearl millet leads to conclude that the crop can be useful to solve problems of forage production in the region. But there are some problems: strength (continue) scientific investigations on nontraditional new ...
Author(s)ICARDA, Communication TeamDate: 2014-12-31Type: Internal ReportStatus: Open accessSeed production of salt tolerant forage crops and perennial fodder rangelands shrubs. Production of super-elite (high quality) seeds salt tolerant varieties of sorghum, pearl millet, alfalfa and forage perennial shrubs on ...