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dc.contributorBA, Malicken_US
dc.creatorGahukar, Ruparaoen_US
dc.identifier.citationRuparao Gahukar, Malick BA. (28/2/2019). An Updated Review of Research on Heliocheilus albipunctella (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Sahelian West Africa. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 1(10), pp. 1-9.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn the Sahelian region of West Africa, pearl millet, which is a major subsistence food crop supporting families’ livelihoods, is regularly attacked by the millet head miner/spike worm, Heliocheilus (=Raghuva) albipunctella de Joannis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). The pest infestation levels, damage ratings, and yield losses vary within and among countries because of differences in millet cultivars, the planting period, the onset time and seasonal distribution of rains, synchronization of moth flight with head development stages, and pest control practices. Egg laying by moths and the distribution of larval populations are governed by the development stages of millet head and the soil type. Rainfall patterns affect the distribution of diapaused pupae. The implications of this information for future pest control strategies are discussed in this review. Control measures including the planting of pest tolerant/resistant cultivars, the application of chemical pesticides, and the abundance of natural enemies have had significant impacts on larval mortality but have limited application. In recent years, augmentative releases of the larval ectoparasitoid, Habrobracon hebetor Say (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), have been tested in a pilot project in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Senegal. Because of the success of the program and the increasing demand for parasitoids farmers cooperatives are being engaged in producing parasitoids for the large-scale distribution of ‘ready-to-use’ bags containing braconids. This would sustain continuous availability and generate profitable businesses. To achieve this goal, farmers’ economic problems and technical challenges need to be resolved at the village level, and marketing avenues need to be established.en_US
dc.publisherEntomological Society of Americaen_US
dc.sourceJournal of Integrated Pest Management;1,(2019) Pagination 1,9en_US
dc.subjecthead mineren_US
dc.subjectpest ecologyen_US
dc.subjectPearl milleten_US
dc.titleAn Updated Review of Research on Heliocheilus albipunctella (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Sahelian West Africaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idBA, Malick: 0000-0001-7323-8739en_US
cg.subject.agrovocpest managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbiological controlen_US
cg.subject.agrovocpearl milleten_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISATen_US
cg.contributor.centerArag Biotech Pvt. Ltd.en_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals - GLDCen_US
cg.contributor.funderKansas State University - KSUen_US
cg.contributor.projectBiological Control of the Millet Stem Borer and the Millet Head Miner in Niger and Senegalen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISATen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouthern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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