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dc.contributorAlemayehu, Kefyalewen_US
dc.contributorHaile, Aynalemen_US
dc.creatorSheriff, Oumeren_US
dc.identifier.citationOumer Sheriff, Kefyalew Alemayehu, Aynalem Haile. (5/12/2019). Production systems and breeding practices of Arab and Oromo goat keepers in northwestern Ethiopia: implications for community-based breeding programs. Tropical Animal Health and Production.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe conducted a household survey in the semi-arid and sub-humid parts of Benishangul Gumuz region in northwestern Ethiopia to better understand and describe production systems and breeding practices of Arab and Oromo goat keepers. Multistage random sampling was employed to select peasant associations, while probability proportional to size sampling was used to select households. Data were collected from 249 households, out of which 86 were Arab and 163 were Oromo goat keepers that live in semi-arid and sub-humid agroecologies, respectively. Personal observations, focus group discussions, and structured questionnaires were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS and results were presented using descriptive statistics and indices. Ninety-two percent of Arab and 86% of Oromo goat keepers indicated crop and livestock production as their main occupation. Goats were kept for a variety of purposes. Income generation, meat, and savings were the highest priorities. The average flock size owned by Arab goat keepers (12.5±4.0) was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of Oromo goat keepers (9.9± 3.8). Breeding does constituted the largest average flock size followed by kids, young does, and young bucks. Body size, twining ability, coat color, and kid growth were considered important in selecting breeding does, while body size, growth rate, coat color, and libido were the most preferred traits for buck selection. Mating was predominantly uncontrolled mainly due to communal grazing lands. Castration of bucks was significantly (p<0.01) more frequent in Arab goat keepers than in Oromo goat keepers. Arab goats have better reproductive performance than Oromo goats. On average, female goats in the study areas gave first births at the age of 1.2 years, kidded every 7.5 months, stayed on reproduction for about 7.6 years, and produced 10.7 kids per lifetime. Compared with Arab goats, Oromo goats had significantly (p<0.01) higher average age at first mating, age at first kidding, kidding interval, and reproductive lifetime but produced lower average number of kids per lifetime. Nucleus breeding schemes are recommended to optimize the limited available resources in the study areas. A single nucleus could serve both Arab and Oromo goat keepers. In conclusion, breeding programs implemented in the study areas should consider the production systems and breeding practices of Arab and Oromo goat keepers appropriately.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer (part of Springer Nature) (Springer Open Choice Hybrid Journals)en_US
dc.sourceTropical Animal Health and Production;(2019)en_US
dc.subjectarab goatsen_US
dc.subjectbreeding practicesen_US
dc.subjectoromo goatsen_US
dc.titleProduction systems and breeding practices of Arab and Oromo goat keepers in northwestern Ethiopia: implications for community-based breeding programsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idHaile, Aynalem: 0000-0001-5914-0487en_US
cg.subject.agrovocproduction systemsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerBahir Dar University - BDUen_US
cg.contributor.centerBahir Dar University, Biotechnology Research Institute - BDU - BRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerAssosa University - ASU Ethiopiaen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - Livestocken_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systemsen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalTropical Animal Health and Productionen_US

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