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dc.contributorGetachew, Tesfayeen_US
dc.contributorMirkena, Tadeleen_US
dc.contributorDuguma, Gemedaen_US
dc.contributorGizaw, Solomonen_US
dc.contributorWurzinger, Mariaen_US
dc.contributorSölkner, Johannen_US
dc.contributorMwai, Ally Okeyoen_US
dc.contributorDessie, Tadelleen_US
dc.contributorMenkir, Abebeen_US
dc.contributorAbate, Zelalemen_US
dc.contributorJembere, Temesgenen_US
dc.contributorRekik, Mouraden_US
dc.contributorLobo, R.en_US
dc.contributorMwacharo, Joramen_US
dc.contributorZelalem, Terfaen_US
dc.contributorKassie, Girmaen_US
dc.contributorMueller, J.en_US
dc.contributorRischkowsky, Barbaraen_US
dc.creatorHaile, Aynalemen_US
dc.identifier.citationAynalem Haile, Tesfaye Getachew, Tadele Mirkena, Gemeda Duguma, Solomon Gizaw, Maria Wurzinger, Johann Sölkner, Ally Okeyo Mwai, Tadelle Dessie, Abebe Menkir, Zelalem Abate, Temesgen Jembere, Mourad Rekik, R. Lobo, Joram Mwacharo, Terfa Zelalem, Girma Kassie, J. Mueller, Barbara Rischkowsky. (1/7/2020). Community-based sheep breeding programs generated substantial genetic gains and socioeconomic benefits. animal, 14 (7), pp. 1362-1370.en_US
dc.description.abstractCommunity-based breeding programs (CBBPs) for small ruminants have been suggested as alternatives to centralised, government-controlled breeding schemes which have been implemented in many developing countries. An innovative methodological framework on how to design, implement and sustain CBBPs was tested in three sites in Ethiopia: Bonga, Horro and Menz. In these CBBPs, the main selection trait identified through participatory approaches was 6-month weight in all three sites. In Horro and Bonga, where resources such as feed and water permitted larger litter sizes, twinning rate was included. Ten-year (2009 to 2018) performance data from the breeding programs were analysed using Average Information Restricted Maximum Likelihood method (AI-REML). Additionally, the socioeconomic impact of CBBPs was assessed. Results indicated that 6-month weight increased over the years in all breeds. In Bonga, the average increase was 0.21 +/- 0.018 kg/year, followed by 0.18 +/- 0.007 and 0.11 +/- 0.003 kg/year in Horro and Menz, respectively. This was quite substantial in an on-farm situation. The birth weight of lambs did not improve over the years in Bonga and Horro sheep but significant increases occurred in Menz. Considering that there was no direct selection on birth weight in the community flock, the increased weights observed in Menz could be due to correlated responses, but this was not the case in Bonga and Horro. The genetic trend for prolificacy over the years in both Bonga and Horro flocks was positive and significant (P< 0.01). This increase in litter size, combined with the increased 6-month body weight, increased income by 20% and farm-level meat consumption from slaughter of one sheep per year to three. The results show that CBBPs are technically feasible, result in measurable genetic gains in performance traits and impact the livelihoods of farmers.en_US
dc.sourceanimal;14,(2020) Pagination 1362,1370en_US
dc.subjectlocal breedsen_US
dc.subjectgenetic trenden_US
dc.subjectgenetic parameteren_US
dc.titleCommunity-based sheep breeding programs generated substantial genetic gains and socioeconomic benefitsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idHaile, Aynalem: 0000-0001-5914-0487en_US
cg.creator.idGetachew, Tesfaye: 0000-0002-0544-6314en_US
cg.creator.idMwai, Ally Okeyo: 0000-0003-2379-7801en_US
cg.creator.idDessie, Tadelle: 0000-0002-1630-0417en_US
cg.creator.idMenkir, Abebe: 0000-0002-5907-9177en_US
cg.creator.idRekik, Mourad: 0000-0001-7455-2017en_US
cg.creator.idMwacharo, Joram: 0000-0001-6981-8140en_US
cg.creator.idKassie, Girma: 0000-0001-7430-4291en_US
cg.creator.idRischkowsky, Barbara: 0000-0002-0035-471Xen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbody weighten_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAOen_US
cg.contributor.centerWollega Universityen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Natural Resources and LIfe Science - BOKUen_US
cg.contributor.centerAmhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Debre Birhan Agricultural Research Center - ARARI-DBARCen_US
cg.contributor.centerBonga Agricultural Research Center - BARCen_US
cg.contributor.centerOromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center - IQQO - BARCen_US
cg.contributor.centerEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - EMBRAPAen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Institute for Agricultural Technology - INTAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - LAFSen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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