Analysis Of Genotypic Variation For Normalized Difference Vegetation Index And Its Relationship With Grain Yield In Winter Wheat Under Terminal Heat Stress
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Shahnoza Hazratkulova, Ram Sharma, Safar Alikulov, Sarvar Islomov, Tulkin Yuldashev, Zafar Ziyaev, Zakir Khalikulov, Zokhid Ziyadullaev, Jozef Turok. (27/9/2012). Analysis Of Genotypic Variation For Normalized Difference Vegetation Index And Its Relationship With Grain Yield In Winter Wheat Under Terminal Heat Stress. Plant Breeding, 131 (6), pp. 716-721.
Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), which is a measure of leaf greenness (chlorophyll content), is considered to be correlated with crop productivity. This study was conducted to examine genotypic variations for NDVI at different growth stages and its relationship to yield in winter wheat under terminal heat stress. Thirty winter wheat genotypes were evaluated at two locations in 20092010 and 20102011 in Uzbekistan. The NDVI was recorded at booting, heading, milk and dough stages. The wheat genotypes differed significantly for NDVI at each stage. Grain yield ranged from 3.9 to 6.1 t/ha. Wheat genotypes differed in per cent decline in NDVI from booting to dough stage. However, several high-yielding genotypes maintained higher NDVI than low-yielding genotypes when heat stress was evident. The findings suggest change in NDVI during heat stress could be a measure of tolerance. The positive correlation of NDVI with grain yield suggests that it could be used as an indirect selection criterion for identifying physiologically superior, high-yielding wheat lines under terminal heat stress.