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dc.contributorQadir, Manzooren_US
dc.contributorSingh, Murarien_US
dc.creatorGrangier, Carolineen_US
dc.identifier.citationCaroline Grangier, Manzoor Qadir, Murari Singh. (6/9/2012). Health Implications For Children In Wastewater-Irrigated Peri-Urban Aleppo, Syria. Exposure and Health, 4 (4), pp. 187-195.en_US
dc.description.abstractDespite widespread irrigation with diluted, untreated, or partially treated wastewater in developing countries, health implications of such irrigation on children living in wastewater-irrigated area have rarely been addressed. In a survey study, we investigated health implications of wastewater irrigation on children (8-12 years) in peri-urban Aleppo region, Syria. Six villages were selected within wastewater-irrigated area and six from freshwater-irrigated area. In consultation with the health officials and medical practitioners, two waterborne diseases (typhoid fever and gastroenteritis) and three non-waterborne diseases (flu, chickenpox, and strep throat) were selected along with eczema that may stem from watery or non-watery sources. Flu and strep throat had significantly higher prevalence rates in freshwater-irrigated area than those in wastewater-irrigated area while reverse was the case for gastroenteritis and eczema, i. e. significantly higher prevalence rates in wastewater-irrigated area. The prevalence rates of typhoid and chickenpox in both areas were low with non-significant differences between freshwater and wastewater areas. The annual health cost per child was 73 % higher in wastewater area than the health cost for the same age group in freshwater area. These findings suggest the need for hygiene education and an action plan that would help improving water quality and promoting the use of protective measures in handling wastewater and/or its products.en_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; all rights reserveden_US
dc.sourceExposure and Health;4,(2012) Pagination 187,195en_US
dc.subjecthuman healthen_US
dc.subjectwaterborne diseasesen_US
dc.subjectnon-waterborne diseasesen_US
dc.subjecthealth costen_US
dc.titleHealth Implications For Children In Wastewater-Irrigated Peri-Urban Aleppo, Syriaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idSingh, Murari: 0000-0001-5450-0949en_US
cg.subject.agrovocwater reuseen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmediterranean regionen_US
cg.subject.agrovocwater qualityen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity College Londonen_US
cg.contributor.centerUnited Nations University Institute of Water, Environment and Health - UNU-INWEHen_US
cg.contributor.funderEuropean Union, European Commission - EU-ECen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

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