First report of Pittosporum cryptic virus 1 in Pittosporum tobira in Lebanon
Impact factor: 1.152 (Year: 2019)
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Raied Abou Kubaa, Pasquale Saldarelli, Basem Attar, Fouad Jreijiri, Elia Choueiri. (6/12/2019). First report of Pittosporum cryptic virus 1 in Pittosporum tobira in Lebanon. Journal of Plant Pathology, 102.
Pittosporum tobira or Japanese pittosporum is an ornamental greenhouse plant widely used in landscaping and along roadsides, as well as in parks and gardens. In Lebanon, symptoms of chlorotic vein banding were observed on six plants of P. tobira growing in two gardens located in the Beqaa Valley. A total of 48 samples were randomly collected from several sites in the Beqaa Valley, including the two gardens. Samples were tested by DAS-ELISA (Loewe, Germany) for the presence of eggplant mottled dwarf virus and tomato spotted wilt virus. None of these two viruses was detected in the collected samples. Then, total RNA was extracted from six symptomatic and six symptomless plants and tested by RT-PCR for the presence of Pittosporum cryptic virus 1 (PiCV1), a recently described double stranded RNA virus that belongs to the genus Deltapartitivirus in the family Partitiviridae (Elbeaino et al. 2016). Two pairs of specific primers were designed based on the available sequence in GenBank (accession number LN680393): [PiCV1-cpF: (5’TGGCAGCATTACCGAAGGTT3’) and PiCV1-cpR: (5’TGTGTCGGCAATCAAAGGGA3’)] to target a 279 bp fragment of the coat protein gene, and [PiCV1-rdrp637: (5’ACTCGCACACAACTAACGGA3’) and PiCV1-rdrp1008: (5’CGGTGCTGCCACCTTCTTAT3’)] to target a 372 bp of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene in RT-PCR. DNA amplicons were obtained from the six symptomatic plants while no amplification was observed from the six symptomless plants. To verify the nature of the DNA products, three RT-PCR amplicons were sequenced. BLAST analyses revealed 98–99% nucleotide identity with the Italian isolate Pit-MAIB in both amplified genes and 99–100% similarity among the Lebanese isolates. Sequences of the Lebanese isolates were deposited in GenBank as accession numbers LR735543-LR735544. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of PiCV1 in P. tobira in Lebanon. Partitiviruses have been mainly associated with cryptic infections in both plants and fungi (Roossinck 2013). PiCV1 was first reported on P. tobira in Italy. Although cryptic viruses have no known vectors and are not transmitted mechanically or by grafting, they are vertically transmitted at high rates by ovule or pollen (Guy and Gerard 2016). Therefore, PiCV1 has the potential to spread in other Lebanese regions and neighboring countries.