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dc.contributorPiggin, Colinen_US
dc.contributorHaddad, Atefen_US
dc.contributorAgrawal, Shiv Kumaren_US
dc.contributorKhalil, Yaseenen_US
dc.contributorBejiga, Geletuen_US
dc.creatorKemal, Seid Ahmeden_US
dc.identifier.citationSeid Ahmed Kemal, Colin Piggin, Atef Haddad, Yaseen Khalil, Geletu Bejiga. (1/5/2012). Nematode and fungal diseases of food legumes under conservation cropping systems in northern Syria. Soil and Tillage Research, 121, pp. 68-73.en_US
dc.description.abstractConservation agriculture is becoming popular due to its potential for enhanced productivity and cost savings among small scale farmers in developing countries. The International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas is promoting conservation cropping systems that involve cereal-legume rotation in West Asia and North Africa region. Studies were made on the impact of long-term rotation trial on diseases of chickpea and lentil as well as the evaluations of lentil genotypes for their reactions to Fusarium wilt and downy mildew under two tillage practices. In the long-term rotation trials, the two season results showed no significant differences between tillage practices, crops and planting dates and their interactions in affecting mean percent cyst nematode disease. The mean cyst nematode disease incidence ranged from 7.3% on early planted lentil on CT to 14.5% in late planted chickpea on ZT. Tillage practices significantly (P <= 0.05) affected Ascochyta blight incidence but not its severity. The incidence ranged from 4% to 22.5% under early planted chickpea on both tillage practices. Moreover, the mean severity ranged from 3.2 to 5.5 rating in early planted CT and ZT, respectively. The combined analysis showed significant differences (P <= 0.05) among genotypes but not their interactions with tillage for Fusarium wilt and downy mildew reactions. All the genotypes showed less than 10% Fusarium wilt mortality indicating high levels of resistance. The mean downy mildew severity ranged from 1.3 in ILL7991 to 2.6 rating in ILL6994. This study showed that both soil borne and foliar diseases could be a problem in conservation cropping system and continuous monitoring of diseases is essential to prioritize management practices in relation to conservation agriculture in Mediterranean type environments. Moreover, cool-season legume genotypes with disease resistance and high yield can be developed under conservation agriculture that could also serve traditionally tilled production systems. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.sourceSoil and Tillage Research;121,(2012) Pagination 68-73en_US
dc.subjectdowny mildewen_US
dc.subjectascochyta blighten_US
dc.subjectcyst nematodesen_US
dc.subjectheterodera cicerien_US
dc.titleNematode and fungal diseases of food legumes under conservation cropping systems in northern Syriaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idKemal, Seid Ahmed: 0000-0002-1791-9369en_US
cg.creator.idAgrawal, Shiv Kumar: 0000-0001-8407-3562en_US
cg.subject.agrovocconservation tillageen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfusarium wilten_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals - GLDCen_US
cg.contributor.funderUnited States Agency for International Development - USAIDen_US
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Center for International Agricultural Research - ACIARen_US
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - DFAT(AusAID, ADRAS)en_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalSoil and Tillage Researchen_US

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