Monoclonal antibodies for the detection and differentiation of faba bean necrotic yellows virus isolates
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A. Franz, Khaled Makkouk, L. Katul, Heinrich-Josef Vetten. (28/6/2008). Monoclonal antibodies for the detection and differentiation of faba bean necrotic yellows virus isolates. Annals of Applied Biology, 128 (2), pp. 255-268.
Murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were produced for the detection of faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV), an isometric ssDNA virus belonging to a new, yet unnamed genus of plant viruses. A total of 19 FBNYV-specific MAbs were obtained from three fusion experiments and characterised by determining their immunoglobulin types and titres as well as their corresponding epitopes. At least six distinct epitopes were revealed on FBNYV particles of different virus isolates. Only two MAbs reacted with SDS-dissociated FBNYV virions in triple antibody sandwich (TAS)-ELISA and with viral capsid protein in Western blots. Almost all MAbs were more sensitive in detecting FBNYV in viruliferous aphids by TAS-ELISA than polyclonal anti-FBNYV IgG by double antibody sandwich ELISA and permitted virus detection in individual aphids even following short acquisition access feeding periods. Coat protein variation among FBNYV isolates and serological relatedness to taxonomically similar viruses was studied by determining the cross reactivity of these MAbs with several field isolates of FBNYV as well as with milk vetch dwarf (MDV), banana bunchy top (BBTV), and subterranean clover stunt (SCSV) viruses. Whereas none of the MAbs reacted with BBTV, only one reacted with SCSV, indicating that FBNYV and SCSV share a common epitope. By contrast, 16 of the 19 MAbs reacted with MDV, suggesting that FBNYV and MDV are serologically closely related and strains of the same virus. When all 19 MAbs produced were tested against a total of 107 samples of FBNYV collected during virus surveys in Egypt, Ethiopia, Jordan, Morocco and Syria, five MAbs showed differential reactions. While the majority of the samples reacted with all 19 MAbs, about 20% of the 107 FBNYV samples did not react with one and/or other of these five MAbs, permitting the differentiation of seven serotypes of FBNYV and suggesting a considerable coat protein variation in FBNYV isolates from the countries surveyed. The MDV isolate from Japan and five FBNYV samples from Ethiopia appeared to be the least closely related to typical FBNYV isolates by not reacting with three and four, respectively, of the five differentiating Mabs.
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