Evaluation of floral characteristics of barley in the semi‐arid climate of north Syria
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A. H. Abdel‐Ghani, H. K. Parzies, Salvatore Ceccarelli, Stefania Grando, H. H. Geiger, Andreas Graner. (28/6/2008). Evaluation of floral characteristics of barley in the semi‐arid climate of north Syria. Plant Breeding, 122 (3), pp. 273-275.
Previous studies have revealed that, in areas affected by severe drought, yielding ability and stability of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) could be improved by increasing the level of heterozygosity. One possible approach to increase the heterozygosity level is to improve the outcrossing rate. In view of that, the genetic variability and phenotypic correlation coefficients involving four floral traits related to outcrossing behaviour were investigated in 274 drought adapted barley lines from the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA's) current breeding programme. A significant quantitative variation existed in anther length and width, stigma length, and anther extrusion, which indicate that selection for these traits may be effective. Anther extrusion showed weak but highly significant positive correlations with anther and stigma length. Somewhat higher positive correlations were found between anther and stigma length. The results indicate that selection for high anther extrusion and longer anthers and stigmata may increase outcrossing in cultivated barley and consequently improve yielding ability through enhanced heterozygosity.
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