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dc.contributorTaguchi, Makikoen_US
dc.contributorLouhaichi, Mouniren_US
dc.contributorHassan, Sawsanen_US
dc.creatorPortillo, Liberatoen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-13T20:52:23Z
dc.date.available2021-01-13T20:52:23Z
dc.identifierhttps://bit.ly/3o79CZg.en_US
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/reporting/download/hash/b172a3975c33bbc77a4520dc956b9e6een_US
dc.identifier.citationLiberato Portillo, Makiko Taguchi, Mounir Louhaichi, Sawsan Hassan. (30/11/2020). Cactus pear and cochineal: A recurring interplay (CactusNet webinar series). In CactusNet webinar series. Global: CACTUSNET (Executive Producer).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/12338
dc.description.abstractCochineals have had dramatic relations between cactus pear and humans, which repeats itself in regions where these two organisms are non-native. Regularly, when wild cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae) reaches a cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) population in a non-native area, the insect destroys the plants. Control of cochineals depends on many factors, the main one being where the cactus pear and cochineal interplay occurs, whether in plantations or neglected populations, in a native or non-native region, as well the local weather and communal worldview. After taking into account these factors, then we may start to select the control mechanism to be applied, which the most common are pesticides (chemical and botanical), detergents, pressurized water, silicon powder, natural enemies, and others. Since biotic and abiotic factors as well as the use of cactus pear in a given region are particular, the management of the pest should be also specific in every case - nevertheless, global action must be considered. Cochineal dissemination to new areas seems to be just of matter of time. Border plant quarantine must be reinforced but also good agricultural practices must be fulfilled to limit the flow of cochineals. It is important to mention that cactus pear did not receive regular management as a crop in the majority of countries where they grow, maybe derived from the fact that cactus pear was or is considered an invasive species. The support from leaders of domestic agricultural institutions, decision makers from social, cultural, and political spheres, and the local training of cactus pear growers will be fundamental to face this situation. All efforts will lead to a proper management of cactus pear and may keep cochineal populations at acceptable thresholds.en_US
dc.formatMP4en_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCACTUSNETen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-SA-4.0en_US
dc.subjectintegrated pest management (ipm)en_US
dc.subjectthreatsen_US
dc.subjectcactus cladodesen_US
dc.titleCactus pear and cochineal: A recurring interplay (CactusNet webinar series)en_US
dc.typeVideoen_US
dcterms.available2020-11-30en_US
cg.creator.idLouhaichi, Mounir: 0000-0002-4543-7631en_US
cg.creator.idHassan, Sawsan: 0000-0002-5057-8957en_US
cg.subject.agrovocdactylopius opuntiaeen_US
cg.subject.agrovocCactusen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAOen_US
cg.contributor.centerFAO-ICARDA CactusNeten_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Guadalajaraen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - Livestocken_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systemsen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contactm.louhaichi@cgiar.orgen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
mel.project.openhttps://mel.cgiar.org/projects/237en_US


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