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dc.contributorTurkelboom, Francisen_US
dc.contributorVan Steenwinkel, Sarahen_US
dc.contributorAl-Ahmed, Kasemen_US
dc.contributorDeckers, Jozefen_US
dc.contributorPoesen, Jeanen_US
dc.creatorColen, Liesbethen_US
dc.identifier.citationLiesbeth Colen, Francis Turkelboom, Sarah Van Steenwinkel, Kasem Al-Ahmed, Jozef Deckers, Jean Poesen. (1/2/2016). How the Soil Moves Upward in the Olive Orchards of NW Syria: Sustainability Analysis of a Local Innovation. Land Degradation and Development, 27 (2), pp. 416-426.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper analyses a local innovation in response to intense soil degradation in olive orchards of north-west Syria. Farmers developed a practice consisting of quarrying red clayey soil in valley bottoms and applying this soil to hillslope olive orchards with heavily degraded calcareous soils. A biophysical, economic and social analysis of the practice of soil application identified the opportunities and risks of this innovative soil management technique. On the basis of a pairwise comparison of nine adjacent treated and nontreated orchard plots, soil applications were found to increase soil depth by 36%, soil water availability by 28% and total available soil nutrients: potassium (+45%), nitrogen (+12%) and phosphorus (+6%). Olive yield increased by about 40%. A cost-benefit analysis found this practice to be economically viable within a large geographical area, and farmers scored the practice higher than alternative methods. A socio-economic analysis revealed its widespread adoption among different farmer types. The positive results of soil applications at the farm level explain its fast adoption. However, potential risks - including the further depletion of soil resources and the transfer of soil-borne diseases - limit the long-term sustainability of this locally developed practice. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.en_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley and Sonsen_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; all rights reserveden_US
dc.sourceLand Degradation and Development;27,(2013) Pagination 416,426en_US
dc.subjectolive orchardsen_US
dc.subjectlocal innovationen_US
dc.titleHow the Soil Moves Upward in the Olive Orchards of NW Syria: Sustainability Analysis of a Local Innovationen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsoil managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsoil degradationen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerCatholic University Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business - KUL - FEBen_US
cg.contributor.centerCatholic University Leuven - KULen_US
cg.contributor.funderThe Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO) - FWOen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

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