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dc.contributorMustefa, Amineen_US
dc.contributorMelak, Awokeen_US
dc.contributorGetachew, Tesfayeen_US
dc.creatorAssefa, Abrahamen_US
dc.identifier.citationCharacterization, Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Ethiopian Animal Genetic Resources: Status, Challenges and Opportunities. A review.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis review is carried out to show the status, challenges and opportunities of Characterization, Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of animal genetic resources that have been implemented in the country. Animal genetic resources are playing a vital role in ensuring food security and maintaining ecological integrity. However, indiscriminate crossbreeding exercises driven by the demand to increase productivity, increasing change in land use and production systems, unsustainable use of genetic resources, frequent drought; natural and manmade disasters as well as disease epidemic are identified to be potential threats deteriorating the animal genetic resource in the country. Conservation is an action to ensure that the diversity of animal genetic resource is maintained to support sustainable contribution to food production. The three methods used for conservation of animal genetic resources are In-situ, Ex-situ and the combined conservation approach. Effective conservation of animal genetic resources is possible, only if the breeds are identified and documented adequately. The Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute implemented various phenotypic characterization and established in-situ conservation on different sheep, goat, cattle and chicken breeds in different parts of the country following the small ruminant community-based breeding program guideline developed by the the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). Having huge livestock genetic diversity is an opportunity to the country, however, the conservation endeavors so far implemented are not fully effective and comprehensive due to many challenges. Some of the challenges for conservation and sustainable utilization of animal genetic resources include absence of nationwide characterization and identification, national breed population survey and census program to identify and quantify animal breeds/ecotypes, limited resource mobilization towards animal genetic resource conservation, lack of cryo-conservation facilities, absence of monitoring and evaluation system and weak collaboration among stakeholdersen_US
dc.subjectin-situ conservationen_US
dc.subjectex-situ conservationen_US
dc.titleCharacterization, Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Ethiopian Animal Genetic Resources: Status, Challenges and Opportunities. A reviewen_US
dc.typeOther (Policy)en_US
cg.creator.idGetachew, Tesfaye: 0000-0002-0544-6314en_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerEthiopian Biodiversity Institute - EBIen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - Livestocken_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systemsen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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