Exploiting the diversity of barley landraces in Ethiopia
Impact factor: 1.071 (Year: 1997)
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Berhane Lakew, Yitbarek Semeane, Fekadu Alemayehu, Hailu Gebre, Stefania Grando, Joop Van Leur, Salvatore Ceccarelli. (1/4/1997). Exploiting the diversity of barley landraces in Ethiopia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 44, pp. 109-116.
The paper describes a methodology to incorporate the collection of barley landraces available in the Plant Genetic Resources Centre of Ethiopia (PGRC/E), as well as future collections, in the Ethiopian barley breeding program. Six hundred pure lines extracted from thirty Ethiopian barley landraces were evaluated and selected, along with the original populations, between 1989 and 1993. Three lines were identified which significantly outyielded the local landrace in some of the testing sites and had a higher average yield across sites and seasons. The yield of these lines was similar to the best improved variety also developed from a landrace population. Despite the relatively small number of landrace-lines (600) in the original population, the exploitation of the diversity existing within Ethiopian barley germplasm has produced in only five years promising lines for yield at low input conditions and for disease and insect resistance. Some lines had a yield potential comparable with the best breeding lines produced earlier, and one is under multiplication for release.
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