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dc.contributorMastrorilli, Marcelloen_US
dc.contributorLahmer, F.Z.en_US
dc.contributorMaalouf, Fouaden_US
dc.contributorOweis, Theiben_US
dc.creatorKaterji, Naderen_US
dc.identifier.citationNader Katerji, Marcello Mastrorilli, F. Z. Lahmer, Fouad Maalouf, Theib Oweis. (1/6/2011). Faba bean productivity in saline-drought conditions. European Journal of Agronomy, 35 (1), pp. 2-12.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe response of faba bean (Vicia faba L, variety ILB1814) was evaluated in a factorial salinity-drought experiment, combining three levels of salinity in the irrigation water (EC 1.0, 2.3 and 3.6 dS/m) and two levels of plant water status during two successive cropping seasons. The two levels of plant water status were obtained by supplying irrigation when the pre-dawn leaf water potential of the control treatments attained values of -0.3 and -0.6 MPa. The experiment was designed to analyse the effects of soil salinity, the effects of drought (detected by the level of the plant water status), and the combined effect of salinity and drought on the plant-water relationships, nitrogen balance and crop productivity (for both grain and straw). Soil salinity levels equal toot higher than 6.5 dS m(-1) affected the plants by reducing the grain number but not the straw weight. Drought at flowering, early podding and grain-filling stages reduced both grain and straw yields. Moreover, yield reductions were associated with increasing soil salinity levels, confirming an interaction between the salinity and drought effects on faba bean productivity. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation, as evaluated by the nitrogen balance, was more affected by drought than by salinity, and it may explain the absence of any observed effects of salinity under drought conditions. The comparison of these results with those obtained in similar experiments on wheat and barley revealed that these cereals and faba bean have contrasting behaviours under saline-drought conditions. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier (12 months)en_US
dc.sourceEuropean Journal of Agronomy;35,(2011) Pagination 2-12en_US
dc.subjectpre-dawn leaf water potentialen_US
dc.subjectactual evapotranspirationen_US
dc.subjectsymbiotic nitrogen fixationen_US
dc.subjectleguminous cropen_US
dc.titleFaba bean productivity in saline-drought conditionsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idMaalouf, Fouad: 0000-0002-7642-7102en_US
cg.creator.idOweis, Theib: 0000-0002-2003-4852en_US
cg.subject.agrovocleaf areaen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfaba beanen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerFrench National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment - INRAE Franceen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies - CIHEAMen_US
cg.contributor.centerConsiglio per la Ricerca e la Sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di ricerca per i sistemi colturali degli ambienti caldo aridi - CRA-SCAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalEuropean Journal of Agronomyen_US

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