Screening for Barley Yellow Dwarf Luteovirus Resistance in Barley on the Basis of Virus Movement
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Khaled Makkouk, A. Comeau, C. A. St-Pierre. (1/6/1994). Screening for Barley Yellow Dwarf Luteovirus Resistance in Barley on the Basis of Virus Movement. Journal of Phytopathology, 141 (2), pp. 165-172.
The movement of barley yellow dwarf luteovirus (BYDV) was evaluated in susceptible and resistant barley and bread wheat genotypes. After leaf inoculation, the virus infected the root system and the growing point of susceptible earlier than resistant, barley genotypes. No difference in virus movement occurred in resistant and susceptible wheat genotypes. It was possible to reliably differentiate susceptible from resistant genotypes when root extracts of 41 barley genotypes were tested by DAS-ELISA 3 or 4 days after inoculation at the oneleaf stage. When barley plants inoculated at the two- or three-leaf stage were assayed by tissue-blot ELISA on nitrocellulose membrane, virus was detected in the phloem vessels of the growing points of the susceptible, but not of the resistant genotype, 4–6 days after inoculation. Our results thus suggest that screening for BYDV resistance in barley could be done quickly and cheaply especially when assays are made by the tissue-blot test.
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