Ethiopia Case Study_ Soil Degradation and Sustainable Land Management in the Rainfed Agricultural Areas of Ethiopia: An Assessment of the Economic Implications
MetadataShow full item record
Kaspar Hurni, Hans Hurni, Gete Zeleke, Menale Kassie, Berhan Tegegne, Tibebu Kassawmar, Ermias Teferi, Aderajew Moges, Deme Tadesse, Mohamed Ahmed, Yohannes Degu, Zeleke Kebebew, Elias Hodel, Ahmed Amdihun, Asnake Mekuriaw, Berhanu Debele, Georg Deichert. (22/12/2015). Ethiopia Case Study_ Soil Degradation and Sustainable Land Management in the Rainfed Agricultural Areas of Ethiopia: An Assessment of the Economic Implications. Bonn, Germany: Economics of Land Degradation Initiative (ELD).
Soil erosion and deposition values were estimated using pixel based landscape information and the Unit Stream Power Erosion Deposition (USPED) model, which works with the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) parameters. The USPED model was adapted to Ethiopian conditions based on evidence from the Soil Conservation Research Programme, and calibrated and validated using data from former research stations as well as the Abbay (Blue Nile) Basin. Additionally, some of the USLE parameters were reduced in order to achieve a satisfactory approximation of sediment loss for the Abbay Basin.