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dc.contributorMeroni, Micheleen_US
dc.contributorMude, Andrewen_US
dc.contributorChantarat, Sommaraten_US
dc.contributorUmmenhofer, Caroline C.en_US
dc.contributorde Bie, C.A.J.M. (Kees)en_US
dc.creatorVrieling, Antonen_US
dc.identifier.citationAnton Vrieling, Michele Meroni, Andrew Mude, Sommarat Chantarat, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, C. A. J. M. (Kees) de Bie. (17/12/2015). Early assessment of seasonal forage availability for mitigating the impact of drought on East African pastoralists. pp. 44-55.en_US
dc.description.abstractPastoralist households across East Africa face major livestock losses during drought periods that can cause persistent poverty. For Kenya and southern Ethiopia, an existing index insurance scheme aims to reduce the adverse effects of such losses. The scheme insures individual households through an area-aggregated seasonal forage scarcity index derived from remotely-sensed normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) time series. Until recently, insurance contracts covered animal losses and indemnity payouts were consequently made late in the season, based on a forage scarcity index incorporating both wet and dry season NDVI data. Season timing and duration were fixed for the whole area (March–September for long rains, October–February for short rains). Due to demand for asset protection insurance (pre-loss intervention) our aim was to identify earlier payout options by shortening the temporal integration period of the index. We used 250 m-resolution 10-day NDVI composites for 2001–2014 from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). To better describe the period during which forage develops, we first retrieved per-pixel average season start- and end-dates using a phenological model. These dates were averaged per insurance unit to obtain unit-specific growing period definitions. With these definitions a new forage scarcity index was calculated. We then examined if shortening the temporal period further could effectively predict most (N90%) of the interannual variability of the new index, and assessed the effects of shortening the period on indemnity payouts. Our analysis shows that insurance payouts could be made one to three months earlier as compared to the current index definition, depending on the insurance unit. This would allow pastoralists to use indemnity payments to protect their livestock through purchase of forage, water, or medicines.en_US
dc.sourceRemote Sensing of Environment;(2015) Pagination 44,55en_US
dc.titleEarly assessment of seasonal forage availability for mitigating the impact of drought on East African pastoralistsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idMude, Andrew: 0000-0003-4903-6613en_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Twente - UT Netherlandsen_US
cg.contributor.centerEuropean Commission, Joint Research Center, Institute for Environment and Sustainability - EU-JRC-IESen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerAustralian National University, Crawford School of Public Policy - ANU-Crawforden_US
cg.contributor.centerWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution - WHOIen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderUnited States Agency for International Development - USAIDen_US
cg.contributor.funderEuropean Union, European Commission - EU-ECen_US
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - DFAT(AusAID, ADRAS)en_US
cg.contributor.funderDepartment for International Development United Kingdom - DFIDen_US
cg.contributor.projectIndex-Based Livestock Insuranceen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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