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dc.contributorMueller, Joaquin Pabloen_US
dc.contributorOmbayev, A.en_US
dc.contributorAryngaziyev, S.en_US
dc.contributorYusupov, Shermuhamaden_US
dc.contributorIbragimov, A.en_US
dc.contributorSuleimenov, Mekhlisen_US
dc.contributorHilali, Muhi El-Dineen_US
dc.creatorIniguez, Luisen_US
dc.identifier.citationLuis Iniguez, Joaquin Pablo Mueller, A. Ombayev, S. Aryngaziyev, Shermuhamad Yusupov, A. Ibragimov, Mekhlis Suleimenov, Muhi El-Dine Hilali. (1/3/2014). Characterization of camel fibers in regions of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Small Ruminant Research, 117, pp. 58-65.en_US
dc.description.abstractTo generate information on Central Asian camel fiber quality, fiber samples of 712 camels from Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were characterized. Fixed effects involved geographical location, animal age, sex, coat color and species. Camel species are Bactrians (Camelus bactrianus), dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) and crosses between both species, hereafter referred as hybrids. Fiber traits included clean fine fiber yield (CY), mean fine fiber diameter (MFD), mean fine fiber diameter coefficient of variation (MFD CV), fine fiber curvature (Curv) and fine fiber staple length (SL). The arithmetic averages of CY, MFD, MFD CV, Curv and SL were respectively 37.3%, 18.0 m, 30.6%, 87.7 ◦/mm and 46.0 mm for Bactrians; 29.1%, 21.2 m, 30.3%, 78.2 ◦/mm and 52.7 mm for dromedaries; and 42.7%, 17.9 m, 29.5%, 89.9 ◦/mm and 47.2 mm for hybrids. Significant age by species interaction was detected for all traits. Overall, Bactrian camels had higher CY, lower MFD, higher Curv and lower SL than dromedaries (P < 0.05). The geographical locations significantly differentiated CY and Curv but not the other traits; thus, for the locations studied little could be gained by looking into location variability when planning genetic improvement programs. There were no significant sex differences for all the studied traits, whereas significant differences due to the color of the coat were found only for Curv. The residual phenotypic correlations among CY, MFD and Curv were all high and would be favorable for selection purposes. Likewise, the residual phenotypic correlations between each of these variables with SL would be unfavorable if selection targets an increased SL. The study detected heterogeneity for most fiber quality traits, suggesting that a base is in place for fiber quality improvement.en_US
dc.sourceSmall Ruminant Research;117,(2013) Pagination 58,65en_US
dc.subjectfiber variabilityen_US
dc.subjectfiber qualityen_US
dc.titleCharacterization of camel fibers in regions of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistanen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idHilali, Muhi El-Dine: 0000-0002-8945-9613en_US
cg.subject.agrovocsmall ruminantsen_US
cg.subject.agrovoccentral asiaen_US
cg.subject.agrovoccamelus bactrianusen_US
cg.subject.agrovoccamelus dromedariusen_US
cg.contributor.centerIndependent / Not associateden_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Institute for Agricultural Technology - INTAen_US
cg.contributor.centerKazakh Scientific Research Institute of Animal Husbandry and Forage Productionen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe Academician Makhmud Mirzaev Scientific-research institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Wine-making - UzRIHVWMen_US
cg.contributor.centerUzRI of Karakul Sheep Breeding and Desert Ecology - UzNIIKEPen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderNot Applicableen_US
cg.coverage.regionCentral Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US

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