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dc.contributorOgutu, Joseph O.en_US
dc.contributorKifugo, Shemen_US
dc.contributorMakui, Ogelien_US
dc.contributorReid, Robinen_US
dc.contributorde Leeuw, Janen_US
dc.creatorSaid, Mohammeden_US
dc.identifier.citationMohammed Said, Joseph O. Ogutu, Shem Kifugo, Ogeli Makui, Robin Reid, Jan de Leeuw. (21/10/2016). Effects of extreme land fragmentation on wildlife and livestock population abundance and distribution. Journal for Nature Conservation, 34, pp. 151-164.en_US
dc.description.abstracttFragmentation, degradation and loss of natural habitats are now recognised as major threats to wildlifeconservation and mobile pastoralism in East African savannas. These processes are driven primarily byland tenure and policy, increasing human population, expansion of settlements and agricultural farms,road networks, urban development and fencing. To understand and characterise the forces driving habi-tat fragmentation, we analyse how biophysical (soils, slope, rainfall, rivers) and human-created (roads,towns, parks, quarries) features influence where people choose to fence the land in the Athi-Kaputieiecosystem of Kenya. We also explore the consequences of land fragmentation through fencing on theabundance and distribution of wildlife and livestock populations. We show that fences are most highlyconcentrated along the major roads and around the major urban centres. Movements of migratory wilde-beest and zebra between the Nairobi National Park and the pastoral Kitengela Plains adjoining the park onthe south are getting increasingly impeded by increasing concentration of fences. Populations of wilde-beest and other herbivores have collapsed to a small fraction of their former abundance largely owingto destruction of their habitats and obstruction of their movements between the park and the pastorallands by fences and other land use developments. Conserving the key seasonal wildlife dispersal areas inthe Athi-Kaputiei Plains is critical to ensuring the future viability of several key wildlife species in NairobiNational Park. Several initiatives, including a conservation land lease program has been launched, buttheir spatial coverage and funding levels would need to be greatly expanded to secure sufficient openspaces for both wildlife and livestock.en_US
dc.sourceJournal for Nature Conservation;34,(2016) Pagination 151,164en_US
dc.titleEffects of extreme land fragmentation on wildlife and livestock population abundance and distributionen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idSaid, Mohammed: 0000-0001-8127-6399en_US
cg.creator.idOgutu, Joseph O.: 0000-0002-7379-0387en_US
cg.creator.idde Leeuw, Jan: 0000-0002-2005-4351en_US
cg.subject.agrovocland fragmentationen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Hohenheimen_US
cg.contributor.centerColorado State University, Center for Collaborative Conservationen_US
cg.contributor.centerWorld Agroforestry Center - ICRAFen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderNot Applicableen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US

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