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dc.contributorManyawu, Godfreyen_US
dc.contributorGwiriri, Lovemoreen_US
dc.contributorMoyo, Sibonisoen_US
dc.contributorDube, Sikhalazoen_US
dc.contributorImbayarwo-Chikosi, Venancioen_US
dc.contributorHalimani, Tinyiko Edwarden_US
dc.contributorChakoma, Charlesen_US
dc.contributorMaasdorp, Barbaraen_US
dc.contributorBuwu, Victoren_US
dc.creatorChakoma, Irenieen_US
dc.identifier.citationIrenie Chakoma, Godfrey Manyawu, Lovemore Gwiriri, Siboniso Moyo, Sikhalazo Dube, Venancio Imbayarwo-Chikosi, Tinyiko Edward Halimani, Charles Chakoma, Barbara Maasdorp, Victor Buwu. (10/10/2016). Promoting the use of home-mixed supplements as alternatives to commercial supplements in smallholder beef production systems in the subhumid region of Zimbabwe. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 33(3), pp. 165-171.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe economic and performance effect of supplementing smallholder cattle by substituting commercial feed with iso-nitrogenous and iso-energetic diets based on alternative protein sources was investigated in two trials. In trial 1, three diets (commercial concentrate, commercial concentrate partially substituted with mucuna, and commercial concentrate partially substituted with lablab–cowpea) compared with veld grass were allocated to 12 cattle in a complete randomised block design. In trial 2, a double complete randomised block design with 40 cattle assigned to four forage legume-based diets, a poultry-based diet and a commercial beef concentrate was carried out. Diets were offered at 1.5% of body weight daily over 56 d. Average daily weight gain (ADWG) was measured weekly in trial 1 and fortnightly in trial 2. In trial 1, ADWG was significantly (p < 0.05) higher for animals on supplements compared with non-supplemented cattle. In trial 2, ADWG was significantly highest on the groundnut stover-based diet and least on the poultry litter diet. Supplementation had a positive effect on ADWG and economic performance of smallholder beef cattle. Substitution of commercial concentrates with alternative protein sources reduced diet costs and significantly improved gross marginsen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.sourceAfrican Journal of Range & Forage Science;33,(2016) Pagination 165,171en_US
dc.subjectaverage daily weight gainen_US
dc.subjectfeed alternativesen_US
dc.subjectgross marginen_US
dc.titlePromoting the use of home-mixed supplements as alternatives to commercial supplements in smallholder beef production systems in the subhumid region of Zimbabween_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idChakoma, Irenie: 0000-0002-8224-4513en_US
cg.subject.agrovocanimal feedingen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbeef cattleen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Zimbabwe - UoZen_US
cg.contributor.centerIndependent / Not associateden_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Centre for International Agricultural Research - ACIARen_US
cg.contributor.projectZimCLIFS: Integrating crop and livestock production for improved food security and livelihoods in rural Zimbabween_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US

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