Nitrogen Management in Calcareous Soils: Problems and Solutions
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Muhammad Maqsood, Usman Awan, Tariq Aziz, Haseeb Arshad, Nadeem Ashraf, Mohsin Ali. (11/8/2016). Nitrogen Management in Calcareous Soils: Problems and Solutions. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 53 (1), pp. 79-95.
Nitrogen (N) is the most widely applied plant nutrient and is a key constituent of animal manures. Improvement in crop yields and high economic returns have been made possible through supplementation of crops with organic and inorganic fertilizers. The movement of N in the environment has been extensively studied and documented. The fate of N ranges from nitrification, denitrification, nitrous oxide formation, leaching of nitrate, and volatilization of ammonia. Even with this knowledge the variation in N movement within the soil, air and water varies greatly with changed edaphic factors. For instance the fate of N fertilizer under calcareous soil systems still has not been investigated widely. We reviewed the sporadic information available on N fate and management in calcareous soils especially in Pakistan. We discussed the sources and fate of N in calcareous soils of Pakistan and also the currently adopted and newly developed method to reduce the N losses