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dc.contributorSibhat, Berhanuen_US
dc.contributorAbera, Meseleen_US
dc.contributorHaile, Aynalemen_US
dc.contributorDegefu, Hailuen_US
dc.contributorFentie, Tsegawen_US
dc.contributorBekele, Jemereen_US
dc.creatorAsmare, Kassahunen_US
dc.identifier.citationKassahun Asmare, Berhanu Sibhat, Mesele Abera, Aynalem Haile, Hailu Degefu, Tsegaw Fentie, Jemere Bekele. (10/5/2016). Systematic review and meta-analysis of metacestodes prevalence in small ruminants in Ethiopia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 129, pp. 99-107.en_US
dc.description.abstractMetacestodes, the larval stages of canid cestode parasites, are among the causes of morbidity, mortality and financial losses in small ruminants in Ethiopia as a result of organ and carcass condemnation at slaughter. Several studies have been conducted over the years; however, these studies often had limited scope and coverage. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to collate the information so far available in order to provide a pooled prevalence estimate at national level and identify potential predictors. Published and grey literature written in English and Amharic in the period from, 1st of January 1990 to June 25, 2015 were searched from electronic databases and repositories of academic and research institutions. Relevant animal level data on 67,743 small ruminants was extracted from 23 published articles and one master’s thesis resulting altogether in 86 animal level reports that conformed to predefined criteria. The dataset was analyzed using a meta-analytical approach. The pooled prevalence estimate computed for metacestodes infection was 11.8% with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 9.1, 15.4. The highest prevalence estimate 31.2% (95% CI: 23.1, 40.9) was found for Cysticercus tenuicollis (Taenia hydatigena) followed by cystic echinococcosis (Echinococcus granulosus) 8.8% (95% CI: 5.8, 13.1), Cysticer- cus ovis (Taenia ovis) 4.9% (95% CI: 2.9, 9.4) and Coenurus cerebralis (Taenia multiceps) 4.6% (95% CI: 1.6, 12.2). Among the predictors considered for heterogeneity analysis only sample size and metacestode type fitted the final multivariable meta-regression model and explained 26.3% of the explainable heterogeneity between studies (p<0.05). The prevalence was noted to decrease with increasing sample size. No significant difference in prevalence was observed between sheep and goats (p>0.05). In conclusion, this review showed a widespread occurrence of metacestodes in small ruminants in Ethiopia. Thus, a holistic approach to break the life cycle of these parasitic stages is suggested, including regulatory interventions that encourage dog owners to keep their dogs confined and prevent backyard slaughter and proper management of abattoir waste disposal.en_US
dc.sourcePreventive Veterinary Medicine;129,(2016) Pagination 99,107en_US
dc.subjectfarming practicesen_US
dc.titleSystematic review and meta-analysis of metacestodes prevalence in small ruminants in Ethiopiaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idHaile, Aynalem: 0000-0001-5914-0487en_US
cg.subject.agrovocrural communitiesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsmall ruminantsen_US
cg.contributor.centerHawassa University - HU, Ethiopiaen_US
cg.contributor.centerHaramaya Universityen_US
cg.contributor.centerHawassa University, College of Agriculture - HU - CAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerJimma University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine - JU-CAVMen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Gondar - UoGen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish - L&Fen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on Livestock & Fishen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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