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dc.contributorMolle, Francoisen_US
dc.contributorSwelam, Atefen_US
dc.contributorRap, Edwinen_US
dc.creatorGhazouani, Wafaen_US
dc.identifier.citationWafa Ghazouani, Francois Molle, Atef Swelam, Edwin Rap. (19/3/2014). Understanding Farmers’ Adaptation to Water Scarcity: A Case Study from the Western Nile Delta, Egypt. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).en_US
dc.description.abstractThis research study analyzes how farmers adapt to water scarcity in the command area of a secondary canal in the Nile Delta of Egypt (al-Bayda Canal). The results of the study show that farmers use several methods to adapt to water scarcity: changing cropping patterns, crafting collective irrigation rules, reusing agricultural drainage water, practicing deficit and night irrigation, and over-irrigating whenever water is available. The analysis then focuses on the changes in cropping patterns, seeking to demonstrate how crop choice is shaped and constrained by a set of factors, including water availability and economic profitability. Interestingly, the lowest water-intensive, but most cost-effective in terms of return per cubic meter, crop (watermelon) was mainly cultivated in the locations with the best water supply, while water- intensive crops, such as luffah (sponge gourd plant) or grapes, were mostly cultivated in the unfavorable lower reaches of the canal. Understanding how farmers adapt to water scarcity reveals that there are other factors besides water scarcity and profit maximization that affect the responses of farmers. These additional factors include food security of the family, agronomic risk management, social capital and history of farmers, and most unexpectedly the collective dimension of crop choice. This illustrates the variegated rationales and constraints as well as the collective dimensions of individual crop choice, and cautions against the oversimplified view of profit maximization as the basis of farming system dynamics.en_US
dc.publisherInternational Water Management Institute (IWMI)en_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; Non-commercial educational use onlyen_US
dc.titleUnderstanding Farmers’ Adaptation to Water Scarcity: A Case Study from the Western Nile Delta, Egypten_US
dc.typeInternal Reporten_US
cg.creator.idSwelam, Atef: 0000-0002-5220-9901en_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Water Management Institute - IWMIen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems - WLEen_US
cg.contributor.funderUnited States Agency for International Development - USAIDen_US
cg.contributor.projectMiddle East North Africa Water and Livelihoods Initiative (WLI) - Regionalen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US
mel.funder.grant#United States Agency for International Development - USAID :EEM-G-00-04--00010-00en_US

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