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dc.contributorKeser, Mesuten_US
dc.contributorKan, Mustafaen_US
dc.contributorKüçükçongar, Men_US
dc.contributorÖzdemir, Fatihen_US
dc.contributorGummadov, N.en_US
dc.contributorMuminjanov, Hafizen_US
dc.contributorZuev, Evgenyen_US
dc.contributorQualset, Calvin O.en_US
dc.creatorMorgunov, Alexey Ivanovichen_US
dc.date2016-08-27en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-14T11:32:02Z
dc.date.available2017-03-14T11:32:02Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/reporting/download/hash/2gMxU9gken_US
dc.identifier.citationAlexey Ivanovich Morgunov, Mesut Keser, Mustafa Kan, M Küçükçongar, Fatih Özdemir, N. Gummadov, Hafiz Muminjanov, Evgeny Zuev, Calvin O. Qualset. (27/8/2016). Wheat Landraces Currently Grown in Turkey: Distribution, Diversity, and Use. Crop Science, 56.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/6457
dc.description.abstractFrom 2009 to 2014 a nationwide effort was made to document, collect, conserve, and characterize wheat landraces grown by Turkish farmers. Spike samples were collected from more than 1600 farmers from 59 provinces, planted as single-spike progenies, and classified into species, subspecies, and botanical varieties (or morphotypes). Altogether, 95 morphotypes were identified representing three species and six subspecies: einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.), emmer wheat [T. turgidum subsp. dicoccon (Schrank) Thell.], cone wheat (T. turgidum subsp. turgidum), durum wheat [T. turgidum subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn.], bread wheat (T. aestivum L. subsp. aestivum), and club wheat [T. aestivum subsp. compactum (Host) Mackey]. Compared with a nationwide survey in 1920, these findings represent a loss of 50 to 70% of the diversity found in 1920, though in four provinces, little if any loss occurred. Based on the Shannon diversity index (H¢) and number of morphotypes, the highest diversity for bread wheat was observed in Manisa, Konya, Iğdır, Diyarbakır, and Tokat provinces and for durum wheat in Adana, Diyarbakır, and Hatay prov- inces. Socioeconomic data indicated that land- race farmers are found mostly in remote mountainous subsistence communities with very little grain trade, small areas planted to wheat, and relatively simple production technologies. The key reasons famers continue to grow landraces are their grain qualities and adaptation to abiotic stresses. In situ conservation should be targeted at provinces with the highest morphotype diversity, with the rarest landraces, and with the highest share of farmers growing landraces.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCrop Science Society of Americaen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-ND-4.0en_US
dc.sourceCrop Science ;56,(2016)en_US
dc.subjectWheaten_US
dc.titleWheat Landraces Currently Grown in Turkey: Distribution, Diversity, and Useen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idKeser, Mesut: 0000-0001-6316-7981en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.subject.agrovocagricultureen_US
cg.subject.agrovocassessmenten_US
cg.subject.agrovoccropsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocland useen_US
cg.subject.agrovocwheaten_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Maize and Wheat Improvement Center - CIMMYTen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerBahri Dagdas International Agricultural Research Institute - BDUTAEen_US
cg.contributor.centerFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAOen_US
cg.contributor.centerVavilov Institute of Plant Industry - VIRen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of California-Davis - UC Davisen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Wheat - WHEATen_US
cg.contributor.funderGovernment of Turkeyen_US
cg.contributor.projectInternational Winter Wheat Improvement Programen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Europeen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.countryRUen_US
cg.coverage.countryTRen_US
cg.contacta.morgounov@CGIAR.ORGen_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2016.03.0192en_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
mel.project.openhttps://mel.cgiar.org/projects/iwwipen_US
mel.impact-factor1.550en_US


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