ICARDA Annual Report 1995
Communication Team ICARDA. (1/1/1996). ICARDA Annual Report 1995. Beirut, Lebanon: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
Achieving sustainable increases in agricultural productivity in the dry areas is a real challenge. Rainfall in these areas is, by definition, low and variable. Conventional water resources are limited, and the share available for agriculture is continually decreasing. Most of the dry areas are located in the South, where the population growth rate is high and the gap between food demand and supply is ever increasing. Increasing pressure of population is threatening the fragile resource base. There is little scope for increasing the arable land arca, so the growing demand for food and feed have to be met from yield increases through the application of biotechnological tools to crop genetic improvement and the development of improved production practices based on sustainable use of the natural resource base. Thus, ICARDA has a crucial role in the development and transfer of improved technology to contribute to the alleviation of poverty and hunger while protecting the environment in these areas. Unless the challenges of agricultural production in the dry areas are wisely addressed, poverty and hunger may lead to socio-political disruption and environmental destruction of the fragile ecosystems with serious national, regional, and international consequences.
barley; biodiversity; farming systems; germplasm conservation; rangelands; research; sustainability; sheep; goats; ethiopia; cicer arietinum; medicago sativa; international cooperation; resource management; training; north africa; dry farming; sudan; faba beans; lentils; pakistan; chickpeas; hard wheat; lens culinaris; triticum durum; aegilops; pisum sativum; trifolium; trigonella; vicia narbonensis; feed legumes; agricultural development; plant collections; pastures; steppes; diffusion of information; middle east; resource conservation; vicia faba; soft wheat