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dc.contributorBejiga, G.en_US
dc.contributorAhmed, S.en_US
dc.contributorNakkoul, H.en_US
dc.contributorSarker, A.en_US
dc.creatorAgrawal, Shiv Kumaren_US
dc.identifier.citationShiv Kumar Agrawal, G. Bejiga, S. Ahmed, H. Nakkoul, A. Sarker. (1/3/2011). Genetic improvement of grass pea for low neurotoxin (β-ODAP) content. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 49 (3), pp. 589-600.en_US
dc.description.abstractGrass pea is a promising crop for adaptation under climate change because of its tolerance to drought, water-logging and salinity, and being almost free from insect-pests and diseases. In spite of such virtues, global area under its cultivation has decreased because of ban on its cultivation in many countries. The ban is imposed due to its association with neurolathyrism, a non-reversible neurological disorder in humans and animals due to presence of neurotoxin, β-N-oxalyl-l-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (β-ODAP) in its seedlings and seeds. The traditional varieties of grass pea contain 0.5–2.5% β-ODAP. Exploitable genetic variability for β-ODAP has been observed for development of low ODAP varieties, which along with improved agronomic and detoxification practices can help reduce the risk of lathyrism. Collaborative efforts between ICARDA and NARS have resulted in development of improved varieties such as Wasie in Ethiopia, Ratan, Prateek and Mahateora in India, and BARI Khesari-1 and BARI Khesari-2 in Bangladesh with <0.10% β-ODAP. Soil application of 15–20 kg ha−1 zinc sulphate, early planting, and soaking seeds in water have shown significant effects on β-ODAP. Because of the often cross-pollination nature, the current breeding procedures being followed in grass pea requires paradigm shift in its approach for a possible genetic breakthrough.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier (12 months)en_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; all rights reserveden_US
dc.sourceFood and Chemical Toxicology;49,(2010) Pagination 589,600en_US
dc.subjectGrass pea (Lathyrus sativus)en_US
dc.titleGenetic improvement of grass pea for low neurotoxin (β-ODAP) contenten_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAgrawal, Shiv Kumar: 0000-0001-8407-3562en_US
cg.subject.agrovoczinc sulphateen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouthern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

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