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dc.contributorSingh, Murarien_US
dc.contributorYau, S. K.en_US
dc.creatorRyan, Johnen_US
dc.identifier.citationJohn Ryan, Murari Singh, S. K. Yau. (19/11/1998). Spatial variability of soluble boron in Syrian soils. Soil and Tillage Research, 45 (3-4), pp. 407-417.en_US
dc.description.abstractWhile boron toxicity has been known for a long time, only recently has its widespread significance for field crops, especially barley (Hordeum vulgare L. ssp. vulgare), been recognized. Damage to crops is common in semi-arid areas where levels of hot-water-soluble (hws) B exceeds about 5 ppm. Frequently, much higher levels of B are found in the sub-soil than in the topsoil. This study examined the distribution of B in profiles from agricultural experiment stations across a mean annual rainfall gradient (196-471 mm/yr) in the semi-arid cereal-production zone in north-western Syria. A more intensive surface and depth-wise sampling was conducted at the driest barley-growing station, Boueidar, where plant toxicity symptoms were observed. The wetter stations had low levels of B throughout the profile, while the drier ones tended to have potentially toxic levels, which increased with profile depth. Only the Boueidar site had B accumulations within 20-40 cm of the surface. Profile sampling at Boueidar showed three distinct B distribution patterns, i.e., increasing with depth, uniform with depth, and a zone of B accumulation at 25-75 cm. Surface (0-20 cm) samples at Boueidar had spatially variable B concentrations. Leaching to remove excess B is impractical. Ideally, the problem may be tackled by exploiting genetic variation in B uptake. However, spatial and depth-wise variability shown in this study makes screening for B tolerance difficult in the field; as an alternative, B toxicity tolerance can be evaluated in the greenhouse. This work has heightened awareness of B toxicity in other countries of this agro-ecological zone.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier (12 months)en_US
dc.sourceSoil and Tillage Research;45,(1998) Pagination 407-417en_US
dc.subjectboron toxicityen_US
dc.subjectsub-soil boron accumulationen_US
dc.titleSpatial variability of soluble boron in Syrian soilsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idSingh, Murari: 0000-0001-5450-0949en_US
cg.subject.agrovocsemi-arid soilsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalSoil and Tillage Researchen_US

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