Selection for Non‐Shattering Common Vetch, Vicia sativa L.
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A. M. Abd El Moneim. (1/3/1993). Selection for Non‐Shattering Common Vetch, Vicia sativa L. Plant Breeding, 110 (2), pp. 168-171.
Loss of seeds from mature pods is common in Vicia sativa L., an important annual, resown forage legume in West Asia and North Africa. Pod shattering restricts its use as a leguminous forage crop. This paper reports the results of germplasm evaluation for non‐shattering pods and of breeding and selection to improve seed retention. Wide variation in pod‐shattering exists between common vetch ecotypes collected from different regions. Three wild mutants with almost completely non‐shattering pods were identified and isolated for use as a genetic resource in cross breeding programmes. Genetic studies revealed that the non‐shattering character in the wild types of common vetch is due to a simple recessive gene, whereas shattering in the cultivated types is due to an allelic dominant pair of genes. Incorporation of the non‐shattering gene into agronomically‐promising lines was achieved by back‐crossing. Lines having an average of 95—97 % non‐shattering pods were obtained, as compared to 40—50 % in the original cultivated lines which represents a major agronomic advance in common vetch breeding. The importance of seed retention to the economics of seed production is discussed.
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