Food, Feed, Forage and Malt
Miguel Sanchez-Garcia. (17/9/2021). Food, Feed, Forage and Malt, in "Les dossiers d'Agropolis International: Agroecological transformation for sustainable food systems: insight on France-CGIAR research", pp. 19-19.
A partnership between INRAE and BAIF was formed in 2003 to enhance local genetic diversity for sustainable genetic improvement. Since then, genomic selection based on data from the genotyping and phenotyping of reference populations has led to substantial sustainable genetic progress in Europe. A novel genomic selection program has thus been set up at BAIF using state-of-the-art technologies (genotyping, insemination) and the collection of original information to select traits associated with adaptation to harsh environmental conditions(1). This program makes effective use of genetic diversity to enhance both performance and adaptation and is thereby in line with agroecological principles. It benefits from a project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation that enables BAIF to collect thousands of phenotypes and genotypes from smallholder farmers in seven Indian states. In 2018, it was extended with the launch of the Genetic IMprovement of Indian Cattle and Buffaloes (GIMIC) international associated laboratory (LIA), which also involves AgroParisTech. This LIA contributes to the implementation of technically and economically sustainable genomic selection initiatives tailored to Indian conditions in a system with very marked genotype x environment interactions. It is complemented by technical training for BAIF senior staff.