Partnerships for Unlocking Potential in Groundnut Value Chains in Zimbabwe
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Sabine Homann-Kee Tui, Andre van Rooyen, Thabani Dube, Sakile Kudita, Pauline Chivenge, Aleck Kondwakwenda, Oswin Madzonga, Daveson Masendeke, Ngirazi N Savemore, Mutsa Muhambi. (31/1/2016). Partnerships for Unlocking Potential in Groundnut Value Chains in Zimbabwe. Hyderabad, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
Groundnuts are an important crop in Zimbabwe, grown by a large proportion of smallholder farmers (36%); groundnuts are second after maize in terms of area coverage. Groundnuts can provide an important source of food and nutrition, feed and soil amendment, as well as income. However, despite its importance, groundnut production and productivity has remained low and stagnant at less than 0.5 t/ha, yet yields between 3 and 4 t/ha can be achieved from improved varieties developed by research in the country. Cause for low groundnut production and productivity is the absence of a wellintegrated seed system and functional grain value chains: 1. Poor access to quality seed of improved varieties – while released varieties yield more than 80% of the local varieties, varieties with high market demand are not available and farmers are therefore forced to use retained seed of landraces. 2. Poor functioning of grain markets – while the demand for groundnut products is increasing, as consumers seek affordable sources of protein, smalland largescale industries failing to source groundnuts locally, import groundnuts, notably from Malawi, Zambia and South Africa. In this brief we advocate partnerships among government, agrobusinesses and smallholder farmers as an effective way for increasing groundnut production and creating more efficient groundnut value chains in Zimbabwe.