Drought-Tolerance QTLs Associated with Grain Yield and Related Traits in Spring Bread Wheat
Impact factor: 3.935 (Year: 2022)
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Sahar Bennani, Ahmed Birouk, Mohammed Jlibene, Miguel Sanchez-Garcia, Nasserlehaq Nsarellah, Fatima Gaboun, Wuletaw Tadesse. (4/4/2022). Drought-Tolerance QTLs Associated with Grain Yield and Related Traits in Spring Bread Wheat. Plants, 11 (7).
The present research aims to identify the efficient combination of drought-tolerance selection criteria and associated quantitative trait loci. A panel of 197 bread wheat genotypes was evaluated for yield- and drought-tolerance-related traits in two environments (favorable and semiarid) for 2 years (2015–2016). Grain number, biomass, number of fertile spikes per plant and ground cover exhibited a significant correlation with grain yield and constitute potential secondary selection criteria for yield under drought conditions. About 73 significant marker–trait associations were detected along various chromosomal positions. The markers “wsnp_Ex_Rep_c67786_66472676” and “ExcalibuR_c24593_1217” exhibited important genetic gains associated with yield increase under drought (11 and 7%, respectively). The markers “KukRi_c94792_127” and “wsnp_Ex_c298_580660” showed a significant correlation with grain yield, biomass and grain number and were associated with a significant increase in yield performance at the semiarid site (+6 and +7%, respectively). The ground cover was found associated with grain yield and biomass through the markers “wsnp_Ex_Rep_c67786_66472676” (+11%) and “KukRi_c49927_151” (+10%). One marker “Tdu- RuM_contig25432_1377” on chromosome 5B at 20 cM was consistently correlated with the number of fertile spikes across both environments. Further research should be considered to validate the efficiency of these markers to
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