Response to soil salinity of two chickpea varieties differing in drought tolerance
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Nader Katerji, J. W. van Hoorn, Atef Hamdy, Marcello Mastrorilli, Theib Oweis, Rajinder Malhotra. (4/9/2001). Response to soil salinity of two chickpea varieties differing in drought tolerance. Agricultural Water Management, 50 (2), pp. 83-96.
Two chickpea varieties, differing in drought tolerance, were grown in lysimeters filled with clay, and were irrigated with waters of three different salinity levels. Under non-saline conditions, both varieties, slightly differing in pre-dawn leaf water potential during the growth period, gave almost the same yield. Salinity had a slight effect on the leaf water potential and the osmotic adjustment. Both were slightly higher for the drought tolerant variety, but much lower in comparison with sugar beet, tomato and lentil. The drought tolerant variety showed an earlier senescence in leaf and dry matter development and flowering which were accelerated by salinity. The drought sensitive variety, however, showed under slightly saline conditions (ECe=2.5 dS/m) from 135 days after sowing onwards a different behaviour by the growth of new leaves and flowers, a delay in senescence, leading to the same yield as under non-saline conditions. Under saline conditions (ECe=3.8 dS/m) the drought sensitive variety showed the same yield reduction of about 70% as the drought tolerant variety.
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