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dc.contributorBackes, Gunteren_US
dc.contributorWolday Tecle, Asmelashen_US
dc.contributorYahyaoui, Amoren_US
dc.contributorJahoor, Ahmeden_US
dc.creatorOrabi, Jihaden_US
dc.identifier.citationJihad Orabi, Gunter Backes, Asmelash Wolday Tecle, Amor Yahyaoui, Ahmed Jahoor. (6/2/2007). The Horn of Africa as a centre of barley diversification and a potential domestication site. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 114, pp. 1117-1127.en_US
dc.description.abstractAccording to a widely accepted theory on barley domestication, wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum) from the Fertile Crescent is the progenitor of all cultivated barley (H. vulgare ssp. vulgare). To determine whether barley has undergone one or more domestication events, barley accessions from three continents have been studied (a) using 38 nuclear SSR (nuSSRs) markers, (b) using five chloroplast SSR (cpSSR) markers yielding 5 polymorphic loci and (c) by detecting the differences in a 468 bp fragment from the non-coding region of chloroplast DNA. A clear separation was found between Eritrean/Ethiopian barley and barley from West Asia and North Africa (WANA) as well as from Europe. The data from chloroplast DNA clearly indicate that the wild barley (H. vulgare ssp. spontaneum) as it is found today in the Fertile Crescent might not be the progenitor of the barley cultivated in Eritrea (and Ethiopia). Consequently, an independent domestication might have taken place at the Horn of Africa.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer (part of Springer Nature)en_US
dc.sourceTAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics;114,(2007) Pagination 1117-1127en_US
dc.titleThe Horn of Africa as a centre of barley diversification and a potential domestication siteen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerGeneral Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research - GCSARen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Agricultural Research Institute Eritrea - NARI Eritreaen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Copenhagen - KU Denmarken_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalTAG Theoretical and Applied Geneticsen_US

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