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dc.contributorArab, Georgeen_US
dc.contributorBuxó, Ramónen_US
dc.contributorGuerrero, Emmaen_US
dc.contributorMolist, Miquelen_US
dc.contributorVoltas, Jordien_US
dc.contributorAraus, Jose Luisen_US
dc.creatorFerrio, Juan Pedroen_US
dc.identifier.citationJuan Pedro Ferrio, George Arab, Ramón Buxó, Emma Guerrero, Miquel Molist, Jordi Voltas, Jose Luis Araus. (1/11/2012). Agricultural expansion and settlement economy in Tell Halula (Mid-Euphrates valley): A diachronic study from early Neolithic to present. Journal of Arid Environments, 86, pp. 104-112.en_US
dc.description.abstractModern Syria, and in particular the Middle Euphrates valley, has been occupied and overexploited since the beginnings of agriculture. Thus, the study of the economic and environmental characteristics of ancient settlements may offer new perspectives on the long-term effects of continuous agriculture in a fragile agroecosystem. In this work, we present a methodological framework that uses archaeological information to understand long-term effects of the extensification of agriculture in present-time arid areas. Specifically, we have compared the main economic features of a Neolithic site of the middle Euphrates, Tell Halula (ca. 10th millennium BP), with present-day data from the surrounding region. Population, crop distribution, cereal yields and arable land requirements during the first millennia after the emergence of agriculture were estimated from archaeological data and compared with a compilation of present-time official statistics and data derived from a field survey. We observed a trend towards a cereal-based farming during the Neolithic, associated to a decrease in the diversity of wild florae. This was accompanied by a growth in population during the earliest phases of the settlement (8200-7000 cal BCE), followed by a decline in population in the late phases (7000-5400 cal BCE), probably as a consequence of exceeding the capacity of the agroecosystem. A comparable situation to that found in early phases of Tell Halula was observed in modern communities, showing similar growth rates and a strong focus on cereal crops. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier (12 months)en_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; all rights reserveden_US
dc.sourceJournal of Arid Environments;86,(2012) Pagination 104,112en_US
dc.titleAgricultural expansion and settlement economy in Tell Halula (Mid-Euphrates valley): A diachronic study from early Neolithic to presenten_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.agrovocland useen_US
cg.subject.agrovocnear easten_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Barcelona - UNI-Ben_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversitat Autònoma de Barcelona - UABen_US
cg.contributor.centerMuseu d'Arqueologia de Catalunyaen_US
cg.contributor.centerDepartment of Crop and Forest Sciences, ETSEA-Universitat de Lleidaen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Lleida - UDLen_US
cg.contributor.funderEuropean Union - EU Belgiumen_US
cg.contributor.funderEuropean Research Councilen_US
cg.contributor.funderSpain Ministry of Science and Innovation MCINNen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

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