MART-AZR Project Research Report 28: Descriptive and Diagnostic Studies of Sheep and Goat Production in the Farming Systems of Upland Baluchistan
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Nagy J. G, G. Farid Sabir, Stubbs J. M. (22/11/1989). MART-AZR Project Research Report 28: Descriptive and Diagnostic Studies of Sheep and Goat Production in the Farming Systems of Upland Baluchistan. Punjab, Pakistan: Arid Zone Research Institute**.
Descriptive and diagnostic studies of sheep and goat production in upland Baluchistan, Pakistan were undertaken. These studies consisted of secondary data collection as well as formal and informal surveys describing the farming systems. Major constraints and priority problems are identified. Suggestions are made for major research and extension opportunities that could Substantially increase sheep and goat productivity. The sheep and goat industry of Baluchistan operates within a harsh climatic environment and is characterized by small flocks obtaining most of their feed from relatively unproductive rangeland. At present, most flocks are poorly managed secondary enterprises and are used as a store of wealth rather than a commercial business. Although not necessarily commercial in nature, sheep and goat production is important to the economy of Baluchistan. Major constraints to improved sheep and goat productivity are: (1) poor nutrition because of the low productivity of rangelands and the non-availability of low-cost supplemental feeds; (2) disease and parasite problems because of limited veterinary coverage; (3) poor flock management; (4) poor credit, marketing, and transportation infrastructure; (5) no range management or control on the common tribal rangelands and (6) poor genetic potential of animals. Suggestions for research and extension interventions include: (1) the introduction of perennial legumes, cool season grasses, and shrub reserves to improve feed supplies and to rehabilitate the rangeland; '(2) grazing control studies on the number and kinds of animals and appropriate seasons of use; (3) dryland fodder production combining new forage species, fertilizer, and water harvesting; (4) increasing the nutritive value of crop residues and the use of non-conventional feeds; (5) providing farmers with the knowledge to vaccinate and dip their own animals; (6) flock management, credit and infrastructural improvement, and (7) increasing the genetic potential of the animals. Sheep and goat production could become more important to the economy by alleviating the major production and marketing constraints and by the adoption of an industry strategy by the Government of Baluchistan. Comparative economic advantage and marketing research is required to outline a Baluchistan sheep and goat export trade strategy with not only the other provinces of Pakistan but also with other countries. A more commercialized industry would be better able to exploit research and extension interventions.
- Agricultural Research Knowledge