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dc.contributorKhazaei, Hamiden_US
dc.contributorGhaouti, Lamiaeen_US
dc.contributorMaalouf, Fouaden_US
dc.contributorVandenberg, Alberten_US
dc.contributorLink, Wolfgangen_US
dc.contributorO’Sullivan, Donalen_US
dc.creatorAdhikari, Kedaren_US
dc.identifier.citationKedar Adhikari, Hamid Khazaei, Lamiae Ghaouti, Fouad Maalouf, Albert Vandenberg, Wolfgang Link, Donal O’Sullivan. (13/10/2021). Conventional and Molecular Breeding Tools for Accelerating Genetic Gain in Faba Bean (Vicia Faba L. ). Frontiers in Plant Science, 12.en_US
dc.description.abstractFaba bean is a cool-season grain legume crop, which is grown worldwide for food and feed. Despite a decrease in area under faba bean in the past, the interest in growing faba bean is increasing globally due to its high seed protein content and its excellent ecological service. The crop is, however, exposed to diverse biotic and abiotic stresses causing unstable, low grain yield. Although, sources of resistance to main diseases, such as ascochyta blight (Ascochyta fabae Speg.), rust (Uromyces viciae-fabae (Pers.) Schroet.), chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae Sard.) and gall disease (Physioderma viciae), have been identified, their resistance is only partial and cannot prevent grain yield losses without agronomical practices. Tightly associated DNA markers for host plant resistance genes are needed to enhance the level of resistance. Less progress has been made for abiotic stresses. Different breeding methods are proposed, but until now line breeding, based on the pedigree method, is the dominant practice in breeding programs. Nonetheless, the low seed multiplication coefficient and the requirement for growing under insect-proof enclosures to avoid outcrossing hampers breeding, along with the lack of tools such as double haploid system and cytoplasmic male sterility. This reduces breeding population size and speed of breeding hence the chances of capturing rare combinations of favorable alleles. Availability and use of the DNA markers such as vicine-convicine (vc−) and herbicide tolerance in breeding programs have encouraged breeders and given confidence in marker assisted selection. Closely linked QTL for several biotic and abiotic stress tolerance are available and their verification and conversion in breeder friendly platform will enhance the selection process. Recently, genomic selection and speed breeding techniques together with genomics have come within reach to accelerate the genetic gains in faba bean. Advancements in genomic resources with other breeding tools, methods and platforms will enable to accelerate the breeding process for enhancing genetic gain in this species.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.sourceFrontiers in Plant Science;12,(2021)en_US
dc.subjectbiotic and abiotic stressesen_US
dc.subjectconventional breedingen_US
dc.titleConventional and Molecular Breeding Tools for Accelerating Genetic Gain in Faba Bean (Vicia Faba L.)en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idMaalouf, Fouad: 0000-0002-7642-7102en_US
cg.subject.agrovocgenomic selectionen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmarker-assisted selectionen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsynthetic cultivarsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocvicia fabaen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe World Vegetable Center - AVRDCen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Sydneyen_US
cg.contributor.centerInstitute of Agronomy and Veterinary Hassan II - IAV HASSAN IIen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Saskatchewan - USASKen_US
cg.contributor.centerGeorg-August-Universitat Gottingen - Uni-Goettingenen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Reading, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development - UOR - SoAPDen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Wheat - WHEATen_US
cg.contributor.funderAgricultural Research Center Egypt - ARC Egypten_US
cg.contributor.projectEgypt Bilateral Program 2019-2020-2021-2022 Seasonen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.journalFrontiers in Plant Scienceen_US

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