Nile Valley and Red Sea Regional Program on cool-season food legumes, cereals, and resource management, regional networks: Report on root-rot/wilt diseases, 1997-1998
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International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). (31/12/1998). Nile Valley and Red Sea Regional Program on cool-season food legumes, cereals, and resource management, regional networks: Report on root-rot/wilt diseases, 1997-1998. Beirut, Lebanon: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
Nile Valley and Red Sea Regional Program (NVRSRP) is ICARDA's first outreach program, operated through its Regional Office in Cairo, Egypt. It started as the Nile Valley Project (NVP) in 1979 to improve faba bean in Egypt and Sudan, and in 1985, Ethiopia became a member. Funding came initially from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (I FAD), and, subsequently, the project attracted the support of several other donors: Italy, the European Union, the Netherlands, and the Swedish Agency for Research Cooperation with Developing Countries (SAREC). NVP was expanded in 1988 to become the Nile Valley Regional Program (NVRP) and focused on the improvement of faba bean, lentil, chickpea, field pea, grasspea, wheat, and barley in all or some of the participating countries and on the control of wild oats in Egypt. The goal of the program was to achieve sustainable production based on better management of the natural resource base In Egypt. 'This is being accomplished through basic, intensive, technical long-term trials involving different crop rotations and management levels in representative agro-ecologies. In addition, extensive on-farm monitoring of the resources is conducted in farmers' fields to study the ways in which farmers actually use the available resources. Particular. emphasis is being placed on the participation of women in the long-term monitoring. The kind financial support provided by the European Union and the Egyptian Government and the dedicated efforts of the Egyptian scientists are already demonstrating the significance of this program in spite of its magnitude and the long-term nature of its activities. It is hoped that with the progress of these activities and the availability of more results, positive action will be taken to protect the natural resource base in Egypt.
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