Harnessing Genetic Variation in Physiological and Molecular Traits to Improve Heat Tolerance in Food Legumes
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Poonam Devi, Shikha Chaudhary, Anjali Bhardwaj, Manu Priya, Uday Jha, Aditya Pratap, Shiv Kumar Agrawal, HanumanthaRao Bindumadahva, Inderjit Singh, Sarvjeet Singh, V. P. Vara Prasad, Kadambot H M Siddique, Harsh Nayyar. (3/2/2023). Harnessing Genetic Variation in Physiological and Molecular Traits to Improve Heat Tolerance in Food Legumes, in "Legumes: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Abiotic Stress Tolerance". Switzerland: Springer Nature.
Plant genetic variations provide opportunity to develop new and improved cultivars with desired characteristics, hence gaining major attention from the scientists and breeders all over the world. Harnessing genetic variability is the key factor in the adaptation of plants to ever-rising temperature. Nowadays, such characteristic traits among the population can be used to develop various heat-resilient crop varieties and have a profound effect on restoring the balance between climate change and agriculture. Genetic variations in physiological and molecular traits proved to be the major components for breeding programs to augment the gene pool. With genetic variations, it is possible to identify the phenotypic variations governed either by a single gene or by many genes that will be helpful for mapping associated quantitative trait loci. Genetic variations can also be traced by examining various physiological traits of a crop plant like growth traits (biomass, plant height, and root growth), leaf traits (stomatal conductance, chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic rate, membrane stability, sucrose content, and canopy temperature depression), and floral traits (mainly associated with male gametophyte). Yield traits can also display enormous variation, making it highly useful/reliable for screening purposes. Further, genetic variation at the biochemical level can be assessed by measuring the expression of enzymes (related to oxidative stress and antioxidants) and metabolites (both primary and secondary). Evaluating how genetic variation influences phenotype is the ultimate objective of genetics, and using omics approaches can improve the understanding of heat tolerance-governing mechanisms. Further, collecting molecular data at different levels of plant growth and development will help to accelerate our understanding of the mechanisms linking genotype to phenotype.
- Agricultural Research Knowledge 
Agrawal, Shiv Kumarhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8407-3562